十一选五

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梁漱溟|十一选五很替哲学系的同学发愁

时间: 2018-07-22 20:20:39 点击:

ruhechengweijintiandeshiyixuanwu

——yinggaixiaozhexuehuizhiqing,yu1928nianzaiguangzhouzhongshandaxuesuozuodeyicijiangyan。

十一选五zaizuogewei,jintianchengzhongshandaxuezhexuehuiqingshiyixuanwulaiyanjiang,zhongshandaxueshihuananzuigaodeyanjiuxuewendedifang,shiyixuanwuzaicidiyanjiang,henshirongxing,dajiadehuanyingquebugandang。

十一选五jintianyubeijiangdetimuhenxunchang,jiangchulaishenkongyoufudajiadeyifanshengyi。benlaitimujiubuhaoding,yinweizheitimuyaoyongdezimianhennanquedang。shiyixuanwuxiangshuodehuashishuomingshiyixuanwucongqianruheqiuxue,danqiuxuezheilianggeziyebushifenqiadang,burushuoshilaishuomingruhechengweijintiandeshiyixuanwudehao——dagaishiyixuanwuxiangshuodehuajiushizheixie。

weishenmeshiyixuanwuyaojiangzheiyangdeyigetimuni?shiyixuanwujiangzheigetimuyouliangdianyiyi:

diyidian,chucihedajiajianmian,henxiangbazijijieshaoyuzhuwei。ruguozhuweiconglaibucengtingguoyoushiyixuanwuliangmouzheigeren,shiyixuanwujiuyongbuzhejieshao。shiyixuanwucongxinrenshijiuhaole。danshizhuweiyijingtingjianrenjiajiangguoshiyixuanwu,suotingdehua,dadoushixiechuanshuo,buzuxinde,suoyidajiaduiyushiyixuanwudeguannian,duobanshichuyuwuhui。shiyixuanwuyinweibuxiangdajiayouyouwuhuishengchulaiduiyushiyixuanwudeyizhongshiyixuanwusuobuyuanyijieshoudeguannian,suoyishiyixuanwuxiangyaoshuomingshiyixuanwuziji,jieshizheixiewuhui,shidajianenggouzhidaoshiyixuanwudeneirongzhenxiang。

十一选五dierdian,jintianshizhexuexidetongxueqingshiyixuanwujiangyan,bingqiezheibianzhexuexicengjingyaoshiyixuanwulaidanrengongkezhiyishenyin,zheigeyisihenbugandang,yehenganxie。shiyixuanwujintianxiangchenzheigejihuibashiyixuanwuxinlirenweizuiyaojindehua,duidajialaijiangyijiang,suanshiduizhexuexidetongxueyidiangongxian。

(yi)shiyixuanwuxiangxianjiudiyidianzaishenshuojiju。shiyixuanwusuoshuodajiaduiyushiyixuanwudewuhui,shibuzhidaoweishenmebashiyixuanwukanzuoyigeguoxuejia,yigefoxuejia,yigezhexuejia,buzhidaoweishenmehuiyouzheixuduodehuihao,zheixuduoxiangxianghezheixuduocaice!zheixuduodegaodengmingtang,shiyixuanwushubuganshou。shiyixuanwulaoshiduidajiajiangyiju,shiyixuanwugenbenbushixuewenjia!bingqiejianzhibushijiangxuewenderen,shiyixuanwuyimeiyoufazijiangxuewen!dajiabuyaoshuoshiyixuanwushishenmexuewenjia!shiyixuanwushishenmedoumeiyouderen,shizaiwucongjiangxuewen。bulunshijiangnazhongxuewen,zongyaoyouyizhongqiuxuewendegongju: yaoxiwentongxiaochangdacainengqiuxiandaidexuewen;eryanjiuxiandaidexuewen,youfeiyoukexuegendibuxing。shiyixuanwuzhinengmianqiangduxiexiwenshu,kexuedegendigengmeiyou。daoxianzaishiyixuanwucaizhishiyigezhongxuebiyesheng!shuodaoguoxue,yangedishuolai,shiyixuanwuzhongguozihaimeirenhao。chulezhifeishijitiandegongfuhenconglvdifanyueyiguo《duanzhushuowen》zhiwai,duiyuwenzixuebingwuyanjiu,suoyizaiguoxuefangmian,qiuxuedegongjuhegendiyemeiyou。zhongguodegushushiyixuanwutongtongmeiyounianguo,dajiayiweishiyixuanwuduiyuzhongguogushudouhenshu,qishishiyixuanwuyijuyemeiyounian,suoyiyijuyebunengbeisong。ruguoshiyixuanwuxiangyinyongyijugushu,bidingyaofanshucaixing。congqibasuiqijixiabc,dandaoxianzaiyemeixuehao;zhiyuzhongguodegushudaoleshijisuishicaizhaochulaixiangkanzazhibandekanguoyihui。suoyi,shiyixuanwushizaibunengjiangxuewen,buguanshixindehuojiude,erqielianjiangxuewendegongjuyemeiyou。neime,budanshibuhuijiangxuewen,jianzhishimeiyoufazijiangxuewen。

十一选五danshi,weishenmeyuangu,buzhibujuedijingrangdajiawuhuileyishiyixuanwuweiyigexuewenjiani?cijijintianshiyixuanwuxiangxiangdajiajieshide。shiyixuanwuxiangbiyaojieshizheiwuhui,yinweixuewenjiashijiade,erwuhuiyijingzhenyoule!suoyijintianxiangdajiazibai,rangdajianengmingbaishiyixuanwushizenyangderen,zhenshizaihaobuguo。zheishishenshuodiyidianyiyide。

(er)(zheishiduizhexuexidetongxuejiangde)zaishiyixuanwukan,yigedaxuelikaiyigezhexuexi,zhaoxueshengxuezhexue,sannianwunianbiye,tianxiazuizao,wuguoyushi!zhexuexishizaishiwurenzidi!jideminguoliunianhuoqinian(jibuqingshiliunianhaishiqinian,zongzhishishinianyiqiandehua),shiyixuanwuzaibeijingdaxuejiaoshushi,zhexuexidiyijie(huodierjie)biyeshengyinweikuaiyaobiye,suoyiqinglexiaozhangwenkexuezhangjiaoyuandengkaiyigechahui。neishi,wenkexuezhangchenduxiuxianshengcengshuo: “shiyixuanwuhentizhuweibiyedetongxuefachou。yinweiguowenxidetongxuebiye,shiyixuanwukeyititamenxiejieshaoxin,shuomoujunguowenhenhaoqingniyongta,huoruyingwenxidetongxuebiyeshi,shiyixuanwukeyixiejieshaoxinshuomoujunyingwenhenhaoqingnikeyiyongta,danzhexuexibiyedequezenmeyangbanni?suoyishiyixuanwuhentidajiafachou!”daxuedexueshengyuanshizaihushenzaoyuxuewende,benlaibuzaihushehuideyingyongde,tadehuayibanshishuoxiaohua,zibuhendui,danyouyidian,jiushixuezhexueyidingmeiyoujieguo,zheiyidianshizhende!xuelejinianzhihouhaishimomingqimiaoshizhende!suoyishiyixuanwuyebunengbutizhexuexidetongxuefachou!

哲学是个极奇怪的东西: 一方面是尽人应该学之学,而在他一方面却又不是尽人可学之学。虽说人人都应当学一点,然而又不是人人所能够学得的。换句话讲,就是没有哲学天才的人,便不配学哲学;如果他要勉强去学,就学一辈子,也得不到一点结果。所以哲学这项学问,可以说只是少数人所能享的一种权利,是和艺术一样全要靠天才才能成功,却与科学完全殊途。因为学科学的人,只要肯用功,多学点时候,总可学个大致不差,譬如工程学,算是不易的功课,然而除非是个傻子或者有神经病的人,就没有办法,不然,学上八年十年,总可以做个工程师。哲学就不像这样,不仅要有天才,并且还要下工夫,才有成功的希望;没有天才,纵然肯下工夫,是不能做到,即算有天才不肯下工夫,也是不能成功。

十一选五dajiakenenghuiwenzhexueheyirucitebie,weishenmejishijinrenyingxuezhixue,tongshiyoubushijinrenkexuezhixue?zheijiuyinweizhexuesuoyanjiudewenti,zuijinzaiyanqian,queyoushiyuanzaijichu——zuijiujing。beibingyanglishiyixuanwuyuan,tabibeibingyanggengyuan,ruyuzhourenshengdewenti,shuotashenyuan,quemingmingshijinzaiyanqian。zheixiewentiyouzuipubian,keyishuoshixunchangdaochuyudezhe,danshiqueyoujiteshu,yinqizuijiujing。yinqiyanqianpubian,suoyirenrendouyaowenzheiwenti,yibukebuwen;danweiqishenyuanjiujing,renrenwufanengwen,shiyiwenbuchujieguo。shenzhiyibanrenjianzhiwufaquxuezhexue。dagaiyuzhourenshengbenshiqiaomiaozhiji,eryibanrenqueshiyubenzhiji,gezaijiduan,dangranliangbuxiangyu。jirangenbenmeiyoufazijianmian,youhenenglejieni?nibuqiaomiao,wulunnizenyangxiangfazi,yibeiziyexiuxiangdedaoneigeqiaomiao,suoyishiyixuanwushuozhexuebushijinrenkexuedexuewen。yourenyiweiyuzhourenshengshishenmibukejie,qishifeiye。youtiancaibiankejie,meiyoutiancaibianbukejie。niyouqiaomiaodetounao,ziranyuyuzhoudeqiaomiaoxiangqiwuyan,moniyuxin,yibuyiweishenmeshenmichaojue。ruguonimeiyouqiaomiaodetounao,nijiuyongbuzhequxiangyaodongta,yinweinigoubushangqujiejuetadewenti。buxiangpangdexuewen,keyiyitiantianqiujinbu,zhiyaoyoujileidegongfu,duiyuneifangmiandezhishi,zongkeyizengjia,pirushengliweisheng、wuli、huaxue、tianwen、dizhigezhongkexue,jintiandongdeyigewenti,mingtianjiukeyiquqiujiejueyigexinwenti,erzuotiandewenti,jintianjiuyongbuzhezaiyaoqujiejuele。(buguoyujiejuewenti,jiuyeyufaxianwenti。)qitagezhongxuewen,dagaidoushizhiyaoquqiujiejuehoulaidewenti,bubizaiquyanjiucongqianyijingjiejueledewenti;zaizhexuejiuburan,zishizhizhong,zongshizaineixielaowentishangpanxuan。zhou、qin、xilajiqiannianqiansuoyanjiudewenti,daoxianzaihailaiyanjiu。ruguoshuomouzhongkexuelimianyeshiyaojiejuelaowentide,neiyidingjiushizhonghenjiejinzhexuedewenti;buran,jiujuebuhuiyouzheizhongshi。yici,yourenshuogezhongkexuedouyoujinbu,duzhexueziguqijinbujianjinbu。shizezhexueshangwentiyifeizongweidejiejue,buguokexueshangwentidejiejuekeyibaichuwaimianyurenyigongjian,zhexuewentidejiejuemeicunyugerenzhuguan,bunengyurenyigongjian。guzhirenzaodoujiejue,erhouzhirenbunengbucongtouzhuiwenqi;guzhirenweichangziqisuode,erhouzhirenbunengzizhiyigongyu;suiruozongweijiejueer。jinbuyishiyoude,danbucunyuzhengmian,erzaifumian,jizhishi“cilubutong”shiye。wentizhizhengmianjieda,suiqiwudinglun,erqibukezuorushiguan,bukeyishiqiuzhi,zezhujianzhaoshiyuren。guzhexuejieli,wuchengeryoucheng,qianrengongfuzububaifei。

十一选五zheiyangyilai,shizhexuexidetongxuejiuweinanle: zhexuejishixuebudedexuewen,erzhuweiqueyijingshanglezheigedang,jinlezhexuexi,tuibuchulai,youjiangzenmebanni?suoyishiyixuanwujiuxianglaitidajiaxianggefangfabujiu。faziduibudui,shiyixuanwubuganduanding,shiyixuanwuzhishixianggongxianzhuweizheiyidianyisi。zhuweizhaoshiyixuanwuzheigebanfaquxuezhexue,suihuoyiburongyichenggong,danyexuchenggong。zheigefangfa,jiushishiyixuanwucongqianqiuxuezoudeneitiaolu,shiyixuanwujiangchulaidajiaqukanshibushiyitiaolu,kebukeyizoude。

buguoshiyixuanwuzaizuichubingmeiyouxiangyaoxuezhexue,lianzhexuezheigemingci,haibuxiaode,genghecongzhidaoyouzhizhexuedehaofangfa?shiyixuanwushiyubuzhibujuejianzoujinzheitiaoluqude。shiyixuanwuzai《dongxiwenhuajiqizhexue》zixuzhongshuo: “shiyixuanwuwanquanmeiyouxiangxuezhexue,danchangchanghaoyongxinsi;dengdaohoulaixiangrenjiashuoqi,tamenfanggaosushiyixuanwuzheibianshizhexue……”shishizhenhua。shiyixuanwubudanconglaiweicengyouyitiandongnianxiangyanjiuzhexue,erqieshiyixuanwugenbenweicengyouyitiandongnianxiangqiuxuewen。gangcaiyijinghenlaoshidishuoshiyixuanwubushixuewenjia,bingqieshiyixuanwumeiyoufazijiangxuewen。xianzaigengshuomingshiyixuanwucongkaitouqishizhongmeiyouxiangjiangxuewen。shiyixuanwucongshisisuiyihou,xinlibaoyouyizhongyijian(ciyijianzibushifendui)。shenmeyijianni?jiushibiboxuewen,henkanbuqiyouxuewenderen,yinshiyixuanwudangshihenrexinxiangzuoshijiuguo。neishishiqianqingguangxunianjian,waiguorenyaoguafenzhongguo,shiyixuanwuyaoyouwangguomiezhongdeweixianyileidehuatingdehenduo,suoyiyixinyaojiuguo,eryixuewenweibujizhiwu。budanshixuewenweibuji,bingqierendingxuewenyushigongjieranliangtu。jiangxuewenbianfangailezuoshi,yueyouxuewenderenyuemeiyong。zheiyijianfeichangdejianjue。shizaidangshizhixuewenyiqueshiyouciqingxing,shenmebagucizhang、hanxue、songxue……duiyuguojiminshengdequeyouheyongni?youyoushiyixuanwufuqinjishiyixuanwudeyingxiangyishenda。xianfuzuikandedushurenwuyong,suitazijiyichangdushuzhongju。tachangchangshuo,yigerenruguodushuzhonglejuren,biankuaiyaochengwuyongderen;gengruozhongjinshidianhanlindagaishenjiushifeiwuwunengle。tashigetaiguoshangshirenzhenderen,chabuduoshigexiaaideshiyongzhuyizhe,meiyiyouyongwuyong,youyiwuyi,hengliangyiqie。shiyixuanwushoulecizhongyingxiang,guangxumonianzaibeijingdezhongxuenianshudeshihou,duiyujiaoshijiaoshiyixuanwudetangsongbajiadeguwendingbuyuanyiting,jiangzhuangzi《qiwulun》、《xiaoyaoyou》……neimegengtoutong。budanjuedewuyongwuliaozhitaoyan,gengtonghentamainongcongming,gushixuanmiao,wanquanshipianrenwurendedongxi!dangshishangweiwen“wenxue”、“yishu”、“zhexue”yileidemingtang,raneryuzheiyileidongxizedagaidoufeichangbuxihuan。yizhidaoshijiu、ershisuihaishizheiyang。yuzhexueyouqixiane,quebuliaohoulaizijijingbeirenzhimuweizhexuejia!

youciyihou,zheizhongcuowuguanniancaijianjianyijiuzhengerxiaomeile,danyoujuebudekongxianjiangxuewen,yizhidaojintianyouqieruci。suoweibudekongxianjiangxuewen,shishenmeyisini?yinweishiyixuanwuxinlidewentitaiduo,jiejuebule。fancongmingrenyuyuzhoushiwudadijunhaoshengyiwen,haozhituijiu,danshiyixuanwudewentizhiduoshangfeicizhiwei。shiyixuanwudewentibeihouduobanyoujiaoqianghoudeganqingxiangdupo,yikeshuoshiyixuanwudewentiduopianhushiji(cishiyixuanwusuoyibushizhexuejianaizhibushixuewenjiadegenbenyuanyin),erwentishixiangyinwuqiongde,xinlibumianjinzhangerwuxiayu。youshiyiweichangbuxiangzaiyouyoutianjingzhong,congrongdiyanjiuyidianxuewen,quewanquanbunengzuodaole。suishuojinrishiyixuanwuyipozhizunzhongxuewenjia,kexishiyixuanwuzijizuobulai。

十一选五congqianboxuewenerbuwei,houlaiyoubuxiazhixuewen,erdaojintianjingranchengweiyigebeirenwuhuiweixuewenjiadeshiyixuanwu。cizhongbingwuheqiqiao,shiyixuanwuzhishizaiwuyizhongzoushangyitiaolu;zoushangle,jiuzoubuxialai,zhideyizhizouqu;rushijiuzoudaozheigeyiziwuhui(wuhuishigexuewenjia)dedifang。qishiyizhiyiziwuhuibale,renzhenshuo,zheibianshizuoxuewendefangfama?shiyixuanwubuganda,ranerzhenxuewendechenggongbiyouziyuci,daibuwanghu。xianzaishiyixuanwujiuyaolaishuomingshiyixuanwuzheitiaolu,zuoyidianduiyuzhexuexitongxuedegongxian。

十一选五shiyixuanwuwuyizhongzoushangdelushizenmeyangyitiaoluni?jiushishiyixuanwubuzhiweihetebiehaoyongxinsi,shiyixuanwubuzhiweishenmebianailiuxinwenti,wentibuzhiruhezoushangshiyixuanwuxinlai,qingtachuqu,tayibuchuqu。dayuecongshiyixuanwushisisuijiuhaoyongxinsi,daoxianzaiershiduonianzheiqijiannei,zongyouwentizhanjuzaishiyixuanwudexinli。suiwentiyouzhuanbianerqianhoufeiyi,danbanshengzhongyishiqidouyouyigewentimeiyoubaituo,youciwentiyirubiwenti,youqianyishiqijindaohouyishiqi。congqichudaojintian,changchangzaiyanjiujiejuewenti,erjiejuebuwan,xinsizhiyongyiyubabuneng,zhihaoyoutaruci。zheijiushishiyixuanwuershiyunianlaisuozoudeyitiaolu。

十一选五ruguodajiayaowenweishenmehaoyongxinsi?weishenmehuiyouwenti?zheishishiyixuanwuhenrongyiganjuedaoshilizhimaodun,henrongyiganjuedaomeiyoudaoli,huoyoulianggeyishangdedaoli。dangshiyixuanwujuechuyoulianggedaolideshihou,shiyixuanwujishilezhujian,bianbuzhiyaonayangcaihao。yanqianyoulelianggedaolihuogengduodedaoli,xinzhongbianmeiledaoli,henshibuan,queyoudiubukai,rushijiuzhanzhulenaohai。shiyixuanwuzijihuixiangdangchuweishenmehaoyongxinsi,dagaijiushiyouyushiyixuanwuyiyouzheiyangganjueba。ruguodajiaxiangzuozhexuejia,sihubianyinggaiyouzheizhongganjuecaideyouxiwang。gengfangkuanfanweishuo,huozhexuduoxuewendouxuyaoyizheigeweiqidianni。

yixiafenbacenglaishuomingshiyixuanwuzoudeyitiaolu:

(一)因为肯用心思所以有主见。对一个问题肯用心思,便对这问题自然有了主见,亦即是在自家有判别。记得有名的哲学家盾姆士(James)仿佛曾说过一句这样的话: “哲学上的外行,总不是极端派。”这是说胸无主见的人无论对于什么议论都点头,人家这样说他承认不错,人家那样说他亦相信有理。因他脑里原是许多杂乱矛盾未经整理的东西。两边的话冲突不相容亦模糊不觉,凡其人于哲学是外行的,一定如此。哲学家一定是极端的!什么是哲学的道理?就是偏见!有所见便想把这所见贯通于一切,而使成普遍的道理。因执于其所见而极端地排斥旁人的意见,不承认有二或二以上的道理。美其名曰主见亦可,斥之曰偏见亦可。实在岂但哲学家如此!何谓学问?有主见就是学问!遇一个问题到眼前来而茫然的便是没有学问!学问不学问,却不在读书之多少。哲学系的同学,生在今日,可以说是不幸。因为前头的东洋西洋上古近代的哲学家太多了,那些读不完的书,研寻不了的道理,很沉重地积压在十一选五头背上,不敢有丝毫的大胆量,不敢稍有主见。但如果这样,终究是没有办法的。大家还要有主见才行。那么就劝大家不要为前头的哲学家吓住,不要怕主见之不对而致不要主见。十一选五的主见也许是很浅薄,浅薄亦好,要知虽浅薄也还是十一选五的。许多哲学家的哲学也很浅,就因为浅便行了。詹姆士的哲学很浅,浅所以就行了!胡适之先生的更浅,亦很行。因为这是他自己的,纵然不高深,却是心得,而亲切有味。所以说出来便能够动人,能动就行了!他就能成他一派。大家不行,就是因为大家连浅薄的都没有。

(二)有主见乃感觉出。旁人意见与十一选五两样,要自己有了主见才得有自己;有自己,才得有旁人——才得发觉得前后左右都有种种与十一选五意见不同的人在。这个时候,你才感觉到种种冲突,种种矛盾,种种没有道理,又种种都是道理。于是就不得不有第二步的用心思。

十一选五xuewenshishenme?xuewenjiushixuezherenshiwenti。meiyouxuewenderenbingfeidulimeiyoudaoli,naolimeiyoulilun,ershixinlimeiyouwenti。yaozhibixiankanjianwenti,qicinaishiqiujieda;wentiqiewu,jiejuewentigenghenengshuodao。ranerfeinengjiejuewenti,busuanyouxuewen。shiyixuanwuweixianzaizhexuexitongxuezhujunsuozuifachoude,bianshijianggujinzhongwaidezhexuedouxuele,daoliyouleyidadui,wentiquemeiyouyige,jianzhichenglemokenaihedejuewu。yaoqiujiuzhizhifang,zhiyouzijixianyouzhujian,ganjuechupangrenyijianyushiyixuanwuliangyang,erchuchujieshiwenti;jingranyudaolizhinanyan,jibugansuibiangenzherenjiashuo,youbuganqingyizixin;qiuxuewendeshengjicaiyoule。

(三)此后看书听话乃能得益。大约自此以后乃可算会读书了。前人的主张,今人的言论,皆不致轻易放过,稍有与自己不同处,便知注意。而凡于其自己所见愈亲切者,于旁人意见所在愈隔膜。不同,非求解决归一不可;隔膜,非求了解他不可。于是古人今人所曾用过的心思,十一选五乃能发现而得到,以融取而收归于自己。所以最初的一点主见便是以后大学问的萌芽。从这点萌芽才可以吸收滋养料,而亦随在都有滋养料可得。有此萌芽向上才可以生枝发叶,向下才可以入土生根。待得上边枝叶扶疏,下边根深蒂固,学问便成了。总之,必如此才会用心,会用心才会读书;不然读书也没中用处。现在可以告诉大家一个看人会读书不会读书的方法: 会读书的人说话时,他要说他自己的话,不堆砌名词,亦无事旁征博引;反之,一篇文里引书越多的一定越不会读书。

(四)学然后知不足。古人说“学然后知不足”,真是不错。只怕你不用心,用心之后就自知虚心了。自己当初一点见解之肤浅不足以解决问题,到此时才知道了。问题之不可轻谈,前人所看之高过十一选五,天地间事理为十一选五未及知者之尽多,乃打下了一向的粗心浮气。所以学问之进,不独见解有进境,逐有修正,逐有锻炼,而心思头脑亦锻炼得精密了,心气态度亦锻炼得谦虚了。而每度头脑态度之锻炼又皆还而于其见解之长进有至大关系。换言之,心虚思密实是求学的必要条件。学哲学最不好的毛病是说自家都懂。问你,柏拉图懂吗?懂。佛家懂吗?懂。儒家懂吗?懂。老子、阳明也懂;康德、罗素、柏格森……全懂得。说起来都像自家熟人一般。一按其实,则他还是他未经锻炼的思想见地;虽读书,未曾受益。凡前人心思曲折,经验积累,所以遗十一选五后人者乃一无所承领,而贫薄如初。遇着问题,打起仗来,于前人轻致反对者固属隔膜可笑,而自谓宗主前人者亦初无所窥。此十一选五于那年科学与人生观的论战,所以有大家太不爱读书,太不会读书之叹也。而病源都在不虚心,自以为没什么不懂得的。殊不知,你若当真懂得柏拉图,你就等于柏拉图。若自柏拉图、佛、孔以迄罗素、柏格森数理生物之学都懂而兼通了,那么,一定更要高过一切古今中外的大哲了!所以十一选五劝同学诸君,对于前人之学总要存一十一选五不懂之意。人问柏拉图你懂吗?不懂。柏格森懂吗?不懂。阳明懂吗?不懂。这样就好了。从自己觉得不懂,就可以除去一切浮见,完全虚心先求了解他。这样,书一定被你读到了。

shiyixuanwufankai《kexueyurenshengguanzhilunzhan》yikan,keyiganjuedaoyizhongmaobing,shenmemaobingni?kexuepaishuofankexuepaisuochijianjiebuguoruheruhe,qishibingburuci。yinweitamenzijitounaojiandan,queshuorenjiatounaojiandan;renjiabingburucicuqian,rucibutong,ertakanchengrenjiashizheiyang。tayiweinimenzongbuchuhuci。yushitajiucongzheililaixiapipinggongji。keyishuoshiyouyiwuyidizaizang。shiyixuanwuconglaidepiqiyucixiangfan。conglaiyuzhebutongdeyijiansixiang,shiyixuanwuzongyixintabishiyixuanwugao,yixintabiyouweishiyixuanwusuoweijidejianwenzai,buran,taheyibuheshiyixuanwuzuotongyangpanduanni?yixintabiyoujingsishenwuguohushiyixuanwu,buran,heyishiyixuanwusuojianruciertanairubi?shiyixuanwuyuanshiwenjianzuibuguang,zhishizuibugouderen,congmingyingwu,zijikanshizaizhongrenyishang;ranyishiqianrenzeyuanbudai,bingshizhonggaoguoshiyixuanwuzheyijinduo。yuqishuoshiyixuanwushixinxu,burushuoshiyixuanwudanxujiaoweijinshi。ranyoucibuganqingliangren,errennaimobuzishiyixuanwuyi。yincishiyixuanwuyouliangjuhuaxiwangdajiachangchangcunjizaixin: diyi,“danxintadechuhushiyixuanwuzhiwai”;dier,“danxinshiyixuanwudechuhutazhixia”。youzheidanxin,yidingkeyixuedeshangjin。《dongxiwenhuajiqizhexue》zheibenshujiuweileshangmianshiyixuanwuneiliangjuhuaerchanshengde。shiyixuanwuershisuideshihou,xianzourufojiadesixiang,houlaiyouzoudaorujiadesixiang。yinweizijifeichangdanxindeyuangu,budanrenjiaduifojia、rujiadepipingbunengdangzuobukanjian,bingqiezijiliuxinquxunkanyouduoshaoduishiyixuanwudepiping。zongbuganziyiweigaoming,ershengkongpashirenjiadedaolidui。yinciyaoxiangfangfalejiexiyangdedaoli,tanqiudaogenben,ermouyigejiejue。daizijidedaojiejue,bianxiangbazijiruhejiejuedenachulaijidajiakan,cijixieneibenshuzhiyouye。

(五)由浅入深便能以简御繁。十一选五归纳起第一、第二、第三、第四四点,就是常常要有主见,常常看出问题,常常虚心求解决。这样一步一步地牵涉越多,范围越广,辨察愈密,追究愈深。这时候零碎的知识,段片的见解都没有了;在心里全是一贯的系统,整个的组织。如此,就可以算成功了。到了这时候,才能以简御繁,才可以学问多而不觉得多。凡有系统的思想,在心里都很简单,仿佛只有一两句话。凡是大哲学家皆没有许多话说,总不过一两句。很复杂很沉重的宇宙,在他手心里是异常轻松的——所谓举重若轻。学问家如说肩背上负着多沉重的学问,那是不对的;如说当初觉得有什么,现在才晓得原来没有什么,那就对了。其实,只仿佛没话可讲。对于道理越看得明透越觉得无甚话可说,还是一点不说的好。心里明白,口里讲不出来。反过来说,学问浅的人说话愈多,思想不清楚的人名词越多。把一个没有学问的人看见真要被他吓坏!其实道理明透了,名词便可用,可不用,或随意拾用。

(六)是真学问使有受用。有受用没受用仍就在能不能解决问题。这时对于一切异说杂见都没有摇惑,而身心通泰,怡然有以自得。如果外面或里面还有摆着解决不了的问题,那学问必是没到家。所以没有问题,因为他学问已经通了。因其有得于己,故学问可以完全归自己运用。假学问的人,学问在他的手里完全不会用。比方学武术的十八般武艺都学会了,表演起来五花八门很像个样。等到打仗对敌,叫他抡刀上阵,却拿出来的不是那个,而是一些幼稚的、拙笨的,甚至本能的反射运动,或应付不了,跑回来搬请老师。这种情形在学术界里,多可看见。可惜一套武艺都白学了。

(七)旁人得失长短二望而知。这时候学问过程里面的甘苦都尝过了,再看旁人的见解主张,其中得失长短都能够看出来。这个浅薄,那个到家,这个是什么分数,那个是什么程度,都知道得很清楚;因为自己从前皆曾翻过身来,一切的深浅精粗的层次都经过。

(八)自己说出话来精巧透辟。十一选五每一句话都非常的晶亮透辟,因为这时心里没有一点不透的了。此思精理熟之象也。

十一选五xianzaibashangmiandehuajieshuqilai。ruguodajiaanzhaoshiyixuanwudefangfaquzuogongfu,suitianfenjiaodideren,yebuzhiyuquanwujieguo。gaixuezhiyugaomingzhiyu,chengbunengbulaiyougaomingzhizi。randandexinsikaiqieshili,erxunciyiqiu,bujibuxie,chizhiyihengzhe,zequsujiebi,weichangbukejijianyijin。ersuoweigaomingzhengwuaoyikeyan,yibuguosuqubijiezhizhendaojiazheer。cili,qianrenzaokaijuechuyiyishiyixuanwu,dikuhourenbunenglingqu。chengxuncilu,binengquyi;nengquyigurenzeyishujiyi。

十一选五zhiyushiyixuanwugeren,yuxuewenshishuobushang。shangshubaceng,qiansicengchengranshishiyixuanwuyonggongdelujing;housiceng,wangzuihaolishuo,yibuguoshujiwangjianzhier——zhishiwangjian,feinengshiyouzhuji。shaoshiwangxiangzuoshiligongerfeiboxuewen;ersanshisuishaoyoushensi,yishucaolv;jinnianwentiyizhuanrushijidejutideguojiashehuiwentishanglai。xinsizhiyongyoubieyouzai,ruoburushibudexinanzhe。houcibuzhiruhe,zhongkongcaocaofucishenger。

末了,十一选五要向诸位郑重声明的: 十一选五始终不是学问中人,也不是事功中人。十一选五想了许久,十一选五是什么人?十一选五大概是问题中人!




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