十一选五

用户∶  密码∶    · 新用户注册 · 取回密码
您现在的位置: 十一选五 >>西方哲学>>西方大陆哲学>>正文

“先验想象力”抑或“超越论形象力” : 海德格尔对康德先验想象力概念的解释与批判

时间: 2018-04-06 17:16:40 点击:

【zhaiyao】tongguotaolunhaidegeerduikangdexianyanxiangxiangligainianzhipipandehexin,wenzhangqiangdiaohaidegeersuolijiedekangdede“xiangxiangli”gainianshouxianbushiyixinlixue、renleixueyiyishangde,zuoweiyizhongxinli、xinzhinenglide“ganxingchuangzuonengli”,yebujinjinshiyixianyanzhexuede,jijiduliyuganxingjingyan,eryoushiderenhekexuedejingyanrenzhichengweikenengderenshilunyiyishangde“xianyangouxiangliliang”。xiangfan,xiangbijiaoqianliangzhe,tagengshiyizhongyuanyuanxingde“dianjililiang”huozaicunzailunshang“gengweiyuanchude‘kenengxing’”。

【guanjianci】haidegeer; kangde; xianyanxiangxiangli; chaoyuelun; zhiguan

haidegeerguanyukangdezhexuezhong“xianyanxiangxiangli”gainiandepipan,qianshedaoxifangzhexueshangliangweizhumingzhexuejiajibenzhexuelichangzhichengjiyufenshudelijie,tabujinshidangdaixifangzhexuesifazhanshishangdeyiduanzhuminggongan,yeshiyizhuangrangrenkunhuonanjie,chongmanmituande“xuanan”。haidegeerduikangde“xianyanxiangxiangli”zhipipandehexinxiansuoshishenme?liangrendejibenlichangfenshujiujinghezai?benwenshitujiuzheiyiwentizhankaichubudetaolun,zhizaiqiangdiaohaidegeersuolijiedekangdede“xiangxiangli”gainianbudandanshiyizhongxinlixue、renleixueyiyishangde,zuoweiyizhongxinli、xinzhinenglide“ganxingchuangzuonengli”(das sinnliche dichtungsvermoegen),yebujinjinshiyizhongxianyanzhexuede,jijiduliyuganxingjingyan,eryoushiderenhekexuedejingyanrenzhichengweikenengderenshilunyiyishangde“xianyangouxiangliliang”(die transzendentale einbildungskraft),ergengshiyizhongzaicunzailunshang“yuanyuanxingde”de“dianjililiang”huo“gengweiyuanchude‘kenengxing’”。1huanjuhuashuo,tazuoweicunzaixingdeqinzai(dasein),jishengcunlunyiyishangderen,zaishijianxingzhijifadecunzailunjingyuzhong,tongguochaoyueluntushihuadeshijianmokuaichengshizixingchengxiang,2zheijiubujinzaizhishilunyiyishanggoucheng“yibanjingyanzhikenengxingdezhuzhongtiaojian”,erqiegengzaicunzailunshang“tongshijiushijingyanduixiangzhikenengxingdezhuzhongtiaojian”。3tongguorucizheibandejieshi,kangdede“xianyanlunxiangxiangli”jiuchenglehaidegeerde“chaoyuelunxingxiangli”。zheizhongchaoyuelundexingxiangli/xiangxianglizuoweishengcunxing-lishixingderenshengzaishizhishijianzhanchuhuodongbenshen,zailingtingcunzaibenshendezhaohuanyijiduicunzaiwentidebuduanfawenzhong,zhankaizishen,chengxing、chengxianghechengjiuzishen,eryoubuduandichaoyuechuzishen。

i. xifangzhexueshishang“xiangxiangli”degainianchuantongyijixiumowenti

十一选五anzhaoyibanzhexueshiyijixiandaixinlingzhexuehexinlixuedeshuofa,“xiangxiang”shixinlingdeyizhongnengli,jixinlingzhutiwuxuduixiangzaichangdezhiguannengli。youyuzheizhongnengli,“xiangxiang”qubieyuxinlingdeqitazhongzhongxinlihexinzhinengli。liru,xiangxiangqubieyu“ganjue”、“huiyi”、“xiangxin”zheixiexinzhinenglidedifangjiuzaiyu: xinlingzhutikeyixiangxiangmouwuserjibubiranxuyaosdeshijicunzai,yebuyidingxuyaotaanqiyuanlaideyangzicunzai。“xiangxiang”yebutongyu“yuqiu”、“qidai”zheiyangdexinlinengli。xinlingzhutiwanquankeneng“xiangxiang”mouwu,bujinbuxuyaozheigemouwushijicunzai,erqieyebuxuyaocixiangxiangzhutizishentongshi“xiwang”huozhe“qidai”zheigewutichengweitasuo“xiangxiang”deyangzi。tatong“gouxiang”、“jiashe”yeyoubutong。taduimouwude“xiangxiang”bunengshichedidi,jiwanquanwuxianshixingxiangyituodepingkonggouzao。yejiushishuo,shiyixuanwuduimouwusde“xiangxiang”changchangxuyaoyouduisdemouzhongzhishaojiejinganjuehuoshizhengdeyixiangzuoweijichu。danlingyifangmian,“xiangxiang”yu“yixiang”、“huanxiang”zhijiandequbiezezaiyu: “yixiang”he“huanxiang”shiweixianshicunzaideduixiang,changchangshijishangbingbucunzai,huozhezhishaobingbuyiqibeiyixianghehuanxiangdefangshicunzai。

xiangxiangzaizhexuezhongdiyicizuoweizhuantidedaoxitongdetaolunyinggaichuxianzaiyalishiduodede《lunlinghun》zhong。zaizheili,“xiangxiang”(phantasia)beidingyiweiyizhongxinliguocheng,jiezhuzheiyiguocheng,yigeyixiang(phantasma)zhanxianzaishiyixuanwumianqian。zaihoulaideladingwenzhong,“phantasia”beifanyiwei“imaginationanzhaoyalishiduodedefenxi,“xiangxiang”youlianggejibendegongneng。diyi,zuoweixinling(psyche)deyibufen,tajianglingsangebiedeganguanganjueyizhaoqizhongde“tonggan”(sensu communis)longjiqilai,jiangzhichengweikezhiguanchengxianchulaideyuanshitongyiti;dier,taqifashiyixuanwu、bangzhushiyixuanwujinxingsixiang,yinweitakeyirangshiyixuanwutiaochumougejutide“xiang”dexianzhi,jinguantabenshenhaibunengwanquansuanzuoshisixiang。suoyi,yalishiduodedechujielun,“tangruomeiyouxinlingdexiangxiang,linghunjuewukenengqusixiang”。4zheiyejiushishuo,“xiang”he“xiang”zhijiantianshengjiuyouguanlian,likaile“xiang”,“xiang”yejiuwucongtanqi。

youyu“xiangxiang”zuoweiyizhongxinlingnenglijuyoumouzhongchutuojutishizaishiwucunzaidexianzhi,shenzhichutuoluojisiweiguizedexianzhidenengli,qu“yixiang”hejiangoumouxiecongweicunzai、yebukenengshijicunzaidedongxi,suoyi,tawangwangjiubeibianweijuyoumouzhongfumiandehanyidedongxi,ji“huanxiang”huo“huanxiang”li(fantasy)。lingyifangmian,xiangxianglibujinbangzhusixiang,tayebangzhu“yuqiu”,jibangzhu“yuqiu”qudadaoneibuzaiganguanganjuemianqiandeshiwu。zheihoulaizaijidujiaoshenxuesixiangzhantongzhideqingkuangxia,jiubeichiweiyurenlei“yuanzui”yuqiuxiangliande“xiee”nengli,suoyibeirenweiliyingzaodaoyayihekongzhi。

youyuzheiyibeijing,zaiyixunqiu“queshi”、“mingxi”weizhuyaotezhengdezhenlixingzhishiweimubiaodexiandaizhexuezhishilunzhuliukuangjiazhong,“xiangxiangli”deweizhijiubiandeyoudianganga。wulunzaijingyanlunhaishiweililundezhishipuxizhong,tachangchangchuzaiyigeduoshaobeibianchi、hushi,shenzhibeiquxiaodediwei,huozheshuonantaobeibianyuanhuademingyun。danzheizhongqingkuangzaixiumoneiliyousuobutong。xiumorenwei,“xiangxiang”wuyishi“yixiang”deyizhong,yingbeiguiru“guannian”depuxi,huoshirenlei“xinzhi”deyigezhongyaobufen。erxinzhiwufeijiushiyishushuyixiang(yinxiangimpression/guannianidea)erji。xiangxianglidezhongyaozuoyongjiuzaiyuta“lianjie”shiyixuanwuxinzhongchuxiandexiangsi、xiangjinhexiangxudeyinxiang,yizhichishiyixuanwuyouyiziranqingxiangquxiangxinxinlingwaideshiwudeshizaixingyuchijiuxing,youcishiyixuanwuxingchengxiguanxinglianxiang,bingcongeryiweishiwuzhijiancunyouyizhongkeguanbirandeyinguoguanlianhuoyinguolv,yeqiaqiayinweiruci,shiyixuanwudejingyanzhishichengweikeneng。taheganjueyinxiangyijihuiyidebutongjiuzaiyuqibaochiganjuejingyanzhixinxian、huopodechengdushang。suizhewutiyinxiangxinxianchengdudesangshi,xiangxiangshoudaodezhiyuedeyijiechu,congeryoukenengchengwei“wanquan”huo“chuncui”deguannian。5zaizheigeyiyishang,xiumolijieguannianhesixiangdebenzhijiushi“yongyouyixiang”,yushixiumojiurenwei,zaimouzhongyiyishang,“sixiangdelilunjiuchengweixiangxiangdelilun”。6danlingyifangmian,xiumoyezhichu,zheizhongjianlizai“xiangxiangli”delianjie、lianxiangjichuzhishangdejingyanzhishi,youyu“xiangxiangli”dezhuguanxinlitezhiyijiyoucierlaide“bushouyuanshiyinxiangdecixuhexingshideshufu”,7“keyiziyoudiyizhihegaibiantadeguannian,”8shenzhiyou“duoluoweifengkuanghuoyuchi”deweixian,9suoyijiubukenengzaigenbenshangbaozhengzhenzhengdekexuezhishisuoyaoqiude、huosuoshengchengjuyoude“keguanxing”he“pubianxing”。10

 

ii.kangdezhexuezhongde“xiangxiangli”gainianjiqidiwei

十一选五xiumoduirenleijingyanzhishigouchengzhong“xiangxiangli”yijiqibenzhisuoshude“lianxiangli”zhihexindiweidejieshiduiyudangshixuduoshizailunhuozheyoushizailunqingxiangdezhexuejia、kexuejiamenlaishuo,douwuyishiyisheng“duanhe”。beixiumodezheiyiduanhe“huanxing”dekangdeziranyaomianduizheiyiyou“xiangxiangli”erlaidetiaozhan。yushishiyixuanwuyexukeyishuo,yifangmian,kangdesihuhuidaoleyalishiduodeguanyuxiangxianglidechuantonglichang。tajiangxiangxianglizhiyuganxingyuzhixingzhijiandeweizhi,bingjiangzhishiweishilianjieganxingyuzhixingdeyizhongxinlingnengli;lingyifangmian,tayoutongguofuyuxiangxiangliyixianyandediwei,jiuxiangtaduiganxinglihezhixinglisuozuodeyiyang。zheiyejiushishuo,xiangxianglibujinjinerqieshouxianbuzaishiyizhongxinlingdezhuguanlianxiangnengli,erqiegengshiyizhongduliyujingyanlianxiangeryoushidejingyanlianxiangchengweikenengdexianyanxingliliang。zheiyang,kangdejiulitulaibimianxiumozhishilunsikaozhongdehuaiyilunqingxianghejielun,congerquebaoshiyixuanwurenleijingyanzhishidekexuekeguanxingyupubianxing。

十一选五jutishuolai,kangdeduixiangxianglidelijiehedingweifucongyutaduizhenggerenleirenzhinengliyukexuezhishixitonggouchengdekaolv。zaikangdekanlai,shiyixuanwurenleideyiqiekexuezhishidoushipanduanxingdezhishi,qizhongbaokuofenxipanduanhezonghepanduan,yinweifenxidebenzhiyezaiyumouzhongchuncuixiantiandezonghe,suoyi,kexuejingyanzhishiruhekenengdewentijiuchenglexiantianzonghepanduanruhekenengdewenti,yejiushishiyixuanwurenzhinenglizhipipanhekaochadewenti,yinci,zheiyebeishiweishiquanbukangdezhishililunhuo《chuncuilixingpipan》dehexinwenti。

jutishuolai,kangderenweishiyixuanwurenleikexuejingyanzhishizhishuyoulianggezhuganhuozhuzhi,jiganxingzhishihezhixingzhishi。tamenfenbieshiyouxiantianchuncuixingshiyuhoutianzhiliaoneirongzonghetongyiercheng。ganxingzhishiyoujiaozhiguan,qixiantianxingshiweichuncuishikong,tamenyonglaizhengliyouganguanganjuelingshouerlaidezaduozhiliao。zhixingzhishidexiantianxingshiweifanchougainian,tamenyonglaizhenglijingyouganxingzhiguandezongheerlaideganjuecailiao。duiyingyurenleizhishidezheilianggejibenbufen,kangdezhichu,shiyixuanwurendexinlingyou“lianggejiyuan”(zwei grundquellen des gemuetes),jiliangzhongjibendenengli,qianzhejiaoganjuedejieshouxing(rezeptivitaet),houzhejiaolizhidezifaxing(spontaeneitaet)。kangdeshuo,“tongguoqianzhe,duixiangbeijiyushiyixuanwu,tongguohouzhe,duixiangbeisiwei”。(krvdi1banxuyan)xiantianshikongxingshixiadeganxingzhiguanzhijieshouxingzonghebeichengwei“zongguan”(synopsis),erxiantianfanchouguizhengzhongdegainianzhishidezifaxingtongjuehuodongbeichengwei“tongyi”(einheit)。11

十一选五xianzaidewentishi,chuyuganxingzhiguanzhijieshouxingde“zongguan”ruhenenggouyufanchouguizhengdezifaxingtongjuede“tongyi”lianxiqilai,congerhuodezhishidebirantongyixinghepubianxing?kangdetichu,chuleshangmiansuoshuode“lianggejiyuan”zhiwai,shiyixuanwudexinlinghaiyouyige“yexubuweishiyixuanwusuozhide” disangejiyuan,zheijiushi“chuncuidexiangxiangli”。kangdeshuo: “yinci,shiyixuanwuyouyizhongchuncuidexiangxiangli,zuoweirenleilinghundejibennengli,taxiantiandiweiyiqiezhishijianji。pingjieta,shiyixuanwuyifangmianbazhiguandezaduo,bingqielingyifangmianbachuncuitongjuedebirantongyixinglianjieqilai。lianggezhongduan,jiganxinghezhixing,bixujiezhuxiangxianglidezheizhongxianyangongnengerbirandixianghulianxi,yinweiruoburan,ganxingsuiranhuitigongxianxian,danquebuhuitigongyizhongjingyanxingzhishideduixiang,congerjiubuhuitigongjingyan”。12

ruguoshuoshiyixuanwuxinlingdeganxingliduiyingyuzhiguandezongguanxingzonghe,zhixingliduiyingyugainiandetongyixingzonghe,neime,xiangxianglizuoweirenleixinlingdeyizhongjibennengli,duiyingyushenmeni?weilehuidazheigewenti,kangdetichuletazhumingde“tushi”(schema)gainianhe“tushihua”(schematismus)xueshuo。“tushi”dezuoyonghe“tushihua”deguochengjiuzaiyujiangyuanbenliangge“yilei”dongxilianjie、“zhonghe”zaiyiqi。yinci,kangdeshuo: “rujinxianeryijiandeshi,bixuyouyigedisanzhe,tayifangmianbixuyufanchoutonglei,lingyifangmianbixuyuxianxiangtonglei,bingshiqianzheyunyongyuhouzhechengweikeneng。zheigezhongjiexingdebiaoxiangbixushichuncuide(meiyourenhejingyanxingdedongxi),bingqiebijingyifangmianshizhixingde,lingyifangmianshiganxingde。zheiyangdebiaoxiangjiushixianyandetushi”。13kangdejiezhehaishuo: “xiangxiangliweimougegainiantigongqituxiang,shiyixuanwubaduixiangxianglidezheiyangyizhongpubianzuofadebiaoxiang,chengweidaoxianggaigainiandetushi”。14

十一选五xuyaoqiangdiaodeshi,kangdezheilisuoguanzhude“xiangxiangli”,zuoweirenleilinghunde“jibennengli”,bingbujinjinshizaiyalishiduodehexiumoyiyishangde,huozheshuoshizairenleixue、xinlixuejingyanyiyishangguanzhuderenzhinenglihuobiaoxiangnengli,ergengshi“chuncuide”he“xianyande”xiangxiangli。zaikangdeneili,suowei“chuncui”zhideshineizhongzaisuoyoujingyanzhixian,eryoubuyilaiyujingyandedongxi。ersuowei“xianyan”zezhideshi“neizhongsuiranxianyujingyan(xiantiande),danqueshishijingyanrenzhichengweikenengdedongxi”。zhengshizaizheigeyiyishang,kangdejiang“chuncuide”“xianyanxiangxiangli”chengwei“linghunbukehuoquedegongneng”,erqie“……ruguomeiyouzheizhonggongneng,shiyixuanwuzairenhedifangdougenbenbuhuiyouzhishi。”15zheiyejiushishuo,xiangxiangliheganxingzhiguan、zhixingtongjueyiqi,chulejingyanxingdeyingyongzhiwai,haiyouyizhonggengweigenbendexianyanxingdeyingyong,erzheizhongxianyanxingyingyongjinjinguanzhuxiantiankenengdexingshi。yongkangdezijidehualaishuojiushi: “ganxing、xiangxianglihetongjue,zheijiushiyibanjingyanhejingyanduixiangzhizhishidekenengxingsuoyijudesanzhongzhuguandezhishilaiyuan。tamenzhongdemeiyizhongdoukeyibeishiweijingyanxingde,yijichuyuduibeijiyudexianxiangdeyingyongzhongde,dantamenyedoushibenshenshizheizhongjingyanxingdeyingyongchengweikenengdexiantianyaosuhuozhejichu”。16jiezhuyuxianyanxinggainiandeyinjin,kangdelitubimianxiumozhuyi,yijineizhijizaixinlixuedelianxiangxingxiangxiangjichushangdezhishilunnanti。

 

十一选五iii.  kangdezai“xiangxiangli”wentishangde“yaobai”yuhaidegeerdepipanxingjieshi

十一选五shiyixuanwuzhidao,kangdezaixiangxiangliwentishangdelichangbingfeishifenqingchu,yefeiqianhouyizhi。youyukangdebenshenlichangdezheizhongbushenqingxiheqianhoubuyijiudaozhilejintianguanyuyukangdezhexue“xiangxiangli”gainianlijiedezhuangzhuang“yian”yijihoushidekangdeyanjiuzhehejieshizhemenduikangdezhexuedejibenjingshenjieshidebutongfangxiang。zaizheili,deguodangdaizhexuezhongdexianxiangxuezhexuejiahaidegeerdejieshidujuyige,tabujinchengweixiandaikangdexueshudeyigezhongyaofangxiang,yegouchenghaidegeerzishenzhexuezhankaihefazhandeyidaolianglifengjing。zhengruyiqianyouxuezhepinglunkangdezhexueshishuodaodeneiyang,kangdeduiyuxiandaizhexuelaishuojiuxiangshiyizuoqiao,wulunnitongyihaishibutongyita,xihuanhaishibuxihuanta,niyaoxiangjinruxiandaiyiyishangdezhexue,nibixujingguokangdezhexue。duiyukangdezhexuezhongdexiangxiangligainian,shiyixuanwuxiangyexushiyixuanwuyekeyishuotongyangdehua,wulunnixihuanhaishibuxihuan,tongyihaishibutongyihaidegeerdekangdejieshi,danruguonixiangzhenzhengsikaohelijiekangdenaizhiquanbudangdaizhexuezhongguanyu“xiangxiangli”wentideyaohai,niraobuguohaidegeer。

haidegeercongkangdeguanyu“chuncuixiangxiangli”detaolunzhongbushenqingchuheqianhoubuyidelianggezhuyaodifangrushoulaitantaokangdede“xiangxiangli“wenti。jiujutiwenbeneryan,diyigedifangyijisuodaozhidewentishi,shiyixuanwujiujingshiyikangdede《renleixue》desiluhaiyi《chuncuilixingpipan》desiluweizhulaidingweikangdede“xiangxiangli”gainian?haidegeerdejielunshihouzhe。diergedifangyijisuodaozhidewentishi,shiyixuanwujiujingyi《chuncuilixingpipan》dediyibanhaishiyihoujingxiudingdedierbanweizhulaijieshihelijiekangdede“xiangxiangli”gainian,haidegeersihuqingxiangqianzhe。danzheixiefenqidouhaishibiaocengde,guanjianjiujingshizaihechuni?

rangshiyixuanwuxianlaikandiyidian。haidegeerzhichu,kangdezaiyinruchuncuixiangxianglidegainiandeshihou,jiangzhishouxianjieshaoweiyizhong“linghunbukehuoquedegongneng”。zheiyejiushishuo,kangdeguanyu“xiangxiangli”sikaodejinlushiyalishiduodedejingdianlilun。xiangxianglishiyuganxingli、zhixinglipingxingqiezailiangzhe“zhijian”qi“zhonghe”zuoyongdedisanzhongjibenrenzhinengli。haidegeerrenwei,zheishikangdezai《renleixue》zhongtanlun“xiangxiangli”dezhongdian。guanyuzheiyidian,haidegeerjieshidao,xiangxianglishimouzhongzaishuangzhongyiyishangdexingxiangnengli。yifangmian,xiangxianglishiguanyucunzaiwudejingyanzhiguan,huozheshuo,renhexiangxiangdouzaigenbenshangshiguanyucunzaiwudexiangxiang,fouzetajiuhuichengwei“huanxiang”he“huanxiang”;lingyifangmian,tayoujuyouyizhongteyoudeyucunzaiwude“buguanlianxing”,zheiyejiushishuo,xiangxiangliwangwang“bushoujushu”,tazuoweiyizhongbuyilaiyurenhejutizaichangdekezhiguanzhedenengli,chuangzaoheshengchantuxiang。suoyi,anhaidegedeshuofa,“zheige‘xingxiangli’(die bildende kraft)jiushiyizhongtongshizailingshouzhong(jieshoude)hezaichuangzaozhong(zifade)de‘xingchengtuxiang’。zaizheige‘tongshi’zhongyouzheqibenjidebenzhi。raner,ruguojieshouxingyiweizheganxing,zifaxingyiweizhezhixing,neime,xiangxianglijiuyimouzhongtedingdefangshiluoruliangzhezhijian”。17danshi,haidegeerjiezhezhichu,jinjintingliuzai《renleixue》decengmianshangtanlunkangdede“chuncuixiangxiangli”shifuqiandehejueranbugoude,shiyixuanwubixujindao《chuncuilixingpipan》decengmian,jijindao“xianyanxiangxiangli”,huozheyonghaidegeerdehuashuo,jindao“chaoyuelundexiangxiangli”decengmian,cainengzhenzhengbawozhukangde“xiangxiangli”gainiandezhensui。suoyi,haidegeeryoushuo: “zheiyang,xiangcongrenleixuechufa,shitujiangyouguanxiangxianglidegengjiayuanshengxingdedongxi,jingyanweicunzailundejidianliqilaidejichu,zheizairenheyizhongqingkuangxiadoushihaowujieguode。bujinruci,zheiyiqitugenbenjiushiyigeshice,yinweitabujinrencuolekangde《renleixue》dejingyantezhi,erqielingyifangmianyemeiyoukaolvdao,《chuncuilixingpipan》detezhijiuzaiyuduidianjidekaolvheduiyuanyuandejielu。……《renleixue》genbenjiubutiguanyuchaoyuedewenti。tongyang,neizhongxiangyaojiezhu《renleixue》laigengweiyuanchudijieshixiangxianglidebuxingchangshibiaoming,zaiduilinghunnenglidejingyanjieshizhong——zheiyijingyanjieshizaiqizishengenjichujuefeishijingyande——zongjijingyouzheyizhongduichaoyuelun【xianyan】jiegoudezhixiang。danzai《renleixue》zhong,zheixiejiegoujibunengbeidianji,yegenbenbunengtongguodanchundejienaercongqizhongchuangshengchulai”。18

ruguojinjinzhichuzheiyidian,sihuhaikanbuchuhaidegeerzaixiangxiangliwentishangduikangdeyoushenmegenbenxingdetuijin,yinweizheidagaibenlaijiushikangdedeyisi。dangkangdejiang“xiangxiangli”shi,jiuxiangtajiangqitadelinghunnengli,jiganxingliyuzhixingliyiyang,shouxiandoubushizaixinlinenglidejingyancengmianshang,ershizaixianyan(jiduliyu/xianyujingyaneryoushijingyanchengweikeneng)huochaoyuelundeyiyishangjiangde。xinlijingyancengmiande“xiangxiangli”weiyoujindaoxianyanlunhuochaoyuelundecengmiancaikenengdedaozhenzhengdejieshi。suoyi,haidegeerzheilisuozuodepiping,yingdangshuogengduobushizhenduikangde,ershizhenduidangshirenmenduikangdezhenzhengzhexueyitudequjie、wujiehebujie。zheiyanglaikan,haidegeerzheilichongqiliangbuguoshiduikangdesixiangdechengqingbale。xiangbijiaodiyichudefawen,haidegeerzhenduikangde“xiangxiangli”gainiandebushenqingchuheqianhoubuyidedierchufawenzesihugengju“benzhixing”deyiyi。

shiyixuanwuzhidao,kangdeyishengzuizhongyaodezhexuezhuzuo《chuncuilixingpipan》chubanyu1781nian,liunianzhihouji1787nianchubanxiudingguodedi2ban。erdiyibanhedierbandeyigezhongyaoqubiejiuzaiyuguanyuruhelijiehejieshi“xianyanxiangxiangli”zaichuncuilixingpipanzhongdezuoyong。

十一选五zaihaidegeerdekangdejieshizhong,wenticong《chuncuilixingpipan》chubanzhongguanyu“xianyanxiangxiangli”shuofadeqianhoubuyitanqi。zaihaidegeerkanlai,kangdezai《chuncuilixingpipan》zhongyifangmiantichurenleixinlingyouganxingli、xiangxianglihezhixinglisanzhongjibennenglihuoyaosu,youcikangdelaihuida“xiantianzonghepanduan”ruhekenengdezhongjiwenti。danlingyifangmian,kangdeyouduocimingquedishuo,“ganxing”he“lixing”shishiyixuanwuxinlingdeliangge“jiyuan”。yincishiyixuanwuderenzhilijiuzhiyouzheiyangliangge“zhigan”,er“chulezheiliangzhongzhishideyuantouzhiwai,shiyixuanwubiewuqitadeyuantou。”19erqie,congkangde《chuncuilixingpipan》dezhuyaobufen“xianyanyaosulun”deerfenjiegou: xianyanganxinglunyuxianyanluojilunlaikanyeshiruci。yushi,zaikangdezheili,renzhilide“eryuanzhiganshuo”yuxinlingnenglide“sanfenshuo”zhijianchuxianlemingxiande“qianhoubuyi”,shenzhikeyishuoshi“yanzhongdeduili”。anzhao“sanfenshuo”,“xianyanxiangxiangli”“bukehuoque”,yinweitazhongjie“ganxing”he“zhixing”,shiliangzhedeyi“qinhe”eranzhao“eryuanshuo”,ze“xianyanxiangxiangliwujiakegui”。20

anzaoyibankangdexuezhedejieshi,weileqiudeqianhouyizhi,yeweilebimianlunruduirenderenzhinenglidedingweiguofenpianzhongxinlizhuyidefangxiang,kangdezaidierbandexiudingzhong,jiujiang“xianyanxiangxiangli”congyuanxianyu“ganxing”、“zhixing”bijianbinglideweizhigaixieweicongshuyu“zhixing”dediwei。yonghaidegeerdehualaishuo,zheijiushi: “zai《chuncuilixingpipan》dedierbanzhong,chaoyuelunxiangxiangli,bizhaotazaidiyicichouhuazhongguangxianduomudechuchangliangxiang,zheiciquechuyutaohaozhixingdeyuangu,beipaichizaiyipangqiebeigaibianleyiyi。……kangdexianzaiyaoba‘linghundegongneng’xiewei‘zhixingdegongneng’,zheiyang,chuncuizonghejiubeiguifujilechuncuizhixing。chuncuixiangxianglizuoweiteyoudenenglijiubianchengkeyisheqidiaode,erzheiyangdehua,neizhongqiaqiashichaoyuelunxiangxianglikenengzuoweicunzailunzhishidebenzhigenjudekenengxingsihujiubeiyaozhandiaole”。21

十一选五yuchuantongkangdexuejiezai“xinlizhuyi”yu“luojizhuyi”dekuangjiaxialaijieshizheiyigaibianbingyuyikendingxingdezanshangbutong,haidegeerlipaizhongyi,jianchikangdediyibandesilubingshituyuyiquanxindejieshi。haidegeerjiangkangdedezheiyilichanggaibianchizhiwei“zaichaoyuelunxiangxiangliqiandetuisuo”bingshitujieshizaochengzheiyituisuodeyuanyin。22

十一选五iv.  “xiangxiangli”、“xingxiangli”yuhaidegeerde“chaoyuelunxingxiangli”

anzhaoshiyixuanwudelijie,haidegeerduikangde“chuncuixiangxiangli”dechuangxinxinghegemingxingdejieshidayuekeyiyanzheruxiadesilulaijinxing。

shouxian,zaihaidegeerkanlai,kangde《chuncuilixingpipan》diyibandui“xianyanxiangxiangli”dedingweishouxianyingdangbeilijieweiyizhongcunzailunhuochaoyueluncengmianshangdegongzuo。zheiyang,tazuowei“linghunnengli”jiuyingdangbeilijieweiyizhongcunzailun-chaoyuelundenengli。ci“nengli”suoyi“jiben”bingbuyiweizhetashimouzhongzailinghunzhongxianchengdeliliang,ershishuo“dianjixingde”lilianghuolidao。zheizhongjibenliliangshi“shimouzhongzheiyangdexianxiangchengweikeneng,jishidecunzailundechaoyuedebenzhijiegouchengweikeneng。……ruguozheiyanglijiedehua,chaoyuelundexiangxianglijiubujinjin,erqiebushouxianshiyizhongweiyuchuncuizhiguanyuchuncuisiweizhijiandenengli,xiangfan,tashihetamenyidaochuxiandeyizhong‘jibennengli’,tashideqianliangzhedeyuanchutongyichengweikeneng,bingyincishidechaoyuezhizhengtidebenzhikenengxingchengweikeneng”。23

ruguo“xianyanxiangxiangli”huo“chaoyuelunxiangxiangli”zaikangdedechuncuilixingpipan,yejiushirenleizhishilipipanzhongsuoqidebujinjinshi“zhongjiexingde”、“qinhexingde”disanzhongnenglidezuoyong,erqiegengshigengyuanchude“dianji”zuoyong、“gendi”zuoyong,suoweikangdediyibanzhongguanyurenzhide“eryuanzhiganshuo”yulinghunde“sanfenshuo”zhijiandebiaomianbuyizhiheduilijiukenengdedaohuajie。zheiyejiushishuo,haidegeershituyong“erzhigan+gongtonggendi”dexinshuolaiduiyinglinghunsanfenshuo。dangran,suizhezheiyangdejieshi,haidegeerjiuchaochulecongyalishiduodekaishi,jingyouxiumo,yizhidaokangdedeguanyu“xiangxiangli”desikao,bingjiangzhidairuleyigegengshendecengmianhuojichu。zhengruhaidegeersuoshuo,“ruguoshedingdejichubuxiangneixianchengdediji,erqieruguotayouzhegendiyiyangdetezheng,neimezuoweigenji,tajiuyidingkeyirangzhigancongzishenzhongzhangchu,jiyutamenzhichihezhicheng。danshi,zheiyangjiujijingdedaolesuoxunqiudefangxiang,zaizheiyifangxiangshang,kangdezaiqibenlaideyinansuowenzhongjinxingdianjideyuanchuxingjiukeyidedaotaolun”。24

ruguodianjiyiweizheduiquanburenzhizhikenengxingjichudefajue,neime,ganxingli、xiangxiangli、zhixinglisanzhezhijiandeguanxijiubuzaixiangyibanchuantonglijiedeneiyang,jiganxingli、xiangxianglibixuyijugainianxingsiweilaijinxingjiancai。zheiyejiushishuo,shiyixuanwuyibanyiwei,zairenzhiguochengzhong,“zhixingli”he“gainiansiwei”naijueduidezhuzai。erhaidegeerzerenwei,shiqingyexuqiaqiaxiangfan,gainianxingsiweizaicizhijuyou“puren”he“yansheng”desifudiwei。guanyuzhixingsiweidezheiyi“puren”he“yansheng”xingzhi,haidegeersihuyoufenlelianggecengmianlaiyuyishuoming。

diyi,haidegeerzhichu,zaikangde《chuncuilixingpipan》dejieshizhong,guanyuganxingde“jingyanzhiguan”yuzhixingde“siweigainian”dediweishuxianshuhou,youzheyizhongmingxiandejinzhanghebuqia。zhengyinruci,chuantongdekangdejieshicaihuiyong“zaizhiguanyusiweizhijiancunyouyizhongxianghuzuoyongzhede,erqieshiwanquantongdengzhongyaodeguanlian”yijiyongsuoweide“neirong”yu“xingshi”deguanxilaijieshihediaohe。25erzaihaidegeerkanlai,“weilechongfenlingwu《chuncuilixingpipan》,bixuzhandingjietiedishuo,renzhiyuanbenjiushizhiguan。”26zaizheili,shiyixuanwukeyimingxiankanchu,haidegeershouxianbingbushicong“zhiguan”yu“gainian”zaizhenggerenleirenzhiguochengzhongderenzhigongnenghuogongyongdejiaodulailunzhenghehanwei“zhiguan”duiyu“gainian”deyouxiandiwei。zaihaidegekanlai,ganxingyuzhixingderenzhihuodongshouxiandoushirendecunzaishengcunhuodong,erren,youyuqicunzaishengcundebenzhiyouxianxing,juedingleqirenzhihuodongdeyouxianxingzhi,zheishirenleirenzhidejueduibenzhi。zheiyanglaikan,renleideyouxianrenzhiguocheng,jingyanzhiguanhezhixinggainiandezuoyong,jiudouzhibuguoshicunzaidezishenzhankaiguocheng,zheiyiguochengtongguorendeyouxianshengcunhuodonglai“biaoxiang”chulaihuozhe“xianxiang”chulai。suoyi,“renshiyuanbenjiushizhiguan”shuodeshouxianjiushi“cunzai”deyuantoulaishuode,shuodejiushineiwuxiandejuedui“shen”de“chuangshixing”zhiguan,yijishenrenjiaohui、jiaodaoguochengzhongdecunzaizhilinghuide“yuanshengxing”zhiguan,zheijiushicunzaibenshenhuozhishibenshendeyuanyuankaixian/zhebiguocheng。

dier,zaiqufenleshendewuxianzhishihuochuncuizhiguanherendeyouxianrenzhidejichushang,haidegeerzailaishuomingrendezhishi“chaoyuelunyanyi”de“zonghe”guocheng,yijijingyanzhiguanyuzhixinggainiandezaiqizhongderenshilungongneng。yifangmian,haidegeershituzairendeyouxianxingrenzhidejichushangshuoming“jingyanzhiguan”。rendeganxingdejingyanzhiguanshizenmehuishini?bingbuxiangchuantongjingyanzhuyixuanchengdeneiyang,shiyixuanwutongguoganguanganjue,zuoweiganzhizhutiqu“faxian”waibushiwuhuozhededaoganjueyinxiang。xiangfan,zaishiyixuanwudecunzaishengcunhuodongzhong,shiyixuanwuzaojijiuhewaibushiwu“zhijiedi”、hunrantianchengdi“zaiyiqi”,yinweizheige“zaiyiqi”,shiyixuanwucainengduigebieshiwu“youganjue”。suoyi,haidegeercaishuo,“rendezhiguan,bingbuyinweiqiganchutongguo‘ganjue’qiguanfashengcaishi‘ganxingde’。qiaqiaxiangfan,zhengyinweishiyixuanwudeqinzaishiyouxiande,shengcunzaijirancunzaiwuzhizhong,bingbeipaoxiangzheiyijirancunzaiwu,suoyitacaibiranerqiebixulingshouzheijirancunzaiwu,jiweicicunzaiwutigongchengbaozishendekenengxing”。27zheili,haidegemingquequfen“chuncuizhiguan”he“ganjuezhiguan”,qianzhenai“yuanshengxing”debiaoxian,shichuncuideshijiankongjianbenshen,shishide“ganjuezhiguan”chengweikenengdexianyanlunhuochaoyuelunjichu;erhouzhezeshi“yanshengxing”zhiguan,juxianyugeticunzaideganguanganchu。yezhengyinweiruci,tacaixuyaojiezhuyugainianhuode“pubianxing”he“biranxing”,tongshiyouzuoweimouzhong“siweixingzhiguan”detongyitixianxianchulai,huozheshuo,zuowei“zonghexingde”panduanxianxianchulai。youci,haidegedechujielun: “jindangchuncuizhixingzuoweizhixingshichuncuizhiguandenupu,tashinengbaochiqiweijingyanzhiguandezhuren”。28jieheshiyixuanwuqianmiansuojiangde“erzhigan+gongtonggendi”shuo,haidegeerzheilisuoshuode“chuncuizhiguan”,wuyicaishizuoweirenleicunzaiherenzhizhi“jiben”lilianghuo“gonggen”de“chaoyuelunxiangxiangli”huo“xianyanxiangxiangli”deyuantouhuoshui。

tangruorucilijie,haidegeershuodexianyanxiangxianglishouxianjiubushishenmexinlixue、renleixueyiyishangdelinghunnengli,ershicunzailunyiyishangdedianjili。suoyi,xiangxianglishouxianyingdangbeilijiewei“xingxiangli”huo“xingchengli”,zheibujinhezheigedewenci(einbildungskraft)dezimianyiyixiangqihe,haidegebenrenyezhengshishouxianzaizheicengyiyishanglijiekangde“xianyanxiangxiangli”de。zheizhongxingxianglibujinshishidezhishilunyiyishangde“yixiang”、“tuxiang”deyixianxianchulaihechengxiangchulaidejibentiaojian,erqieshenzhijiushishiderenhecunzaiwubenshendeyi“xingcheng”、“xingxiang”dejibentiaojian。suoyi,zaihaidegeerkanlai,《chuncuilixingpipan》naizhiquanbukangdezhexue,shouxianjiubushiyigezhishiruhekenengdewenti,ergengshicunzairuhekaixianchulaiyijicicunzaiwuzhiweicicunzaiwuruhekenengdewenti。yushi,xianyanxiangxianglijiushouxianbushigezhishiluncengmianshangdewenti,ershicunzailundewenti,suoyi,tabujinshizhishilunshang“xianyande”,erqiegengyingdangshicunzailunshang“chaoyuelunde”xiangxiangli,tashidesuoyoude“chaoyuehuodong”(jingyanrenzhixingweizhishirenleizhuduochaoyuehuodongdeyizhong)chengweikenengdeyuanchugenji。youci,haidegeerlaijieshikangdede“yiqiezonghepanduandezhishangyuanli”,jiyibanjingyanzhikenengxingdetiaojiantongshishijingyanduixiangzhikenengxingdetiaojian。“zai‘jingyandekenengxing’zhong,wentibuzaiyu‘kenengde’jingyanyuxianshidejingyan,erzaiguanshezheiliangzhede、congyikaishijiushizhichengweikenengdedongxi”。29

十一选五zhengshiyanzhezheiyisilu,haidegeerlaijieshikangde《chuncuilixingpipan》zhongsuoweizuiguanjian、zuihexindepianzhang,jiguanyu“tushihua”(schematismus)xueshuo。haidegeerzheilitichudewentishi: ruguoanzhaokangdedejieshi,“tushihua”zai《chuncuilixingpipan》zhongsuozhanjudeweizhiyu“xianyanxiangxiangli”zaixianyanyanyizhongdeweizhixiangduiying,jiqizhe“lianjie”1)“jieshou”jingyanzaduodeganxingzhiguanhe2)jinxingzhe“zifa”tongyiguizhengdegainianxingfanchousiweihuodong。huanjuhuashuo,“tushihua”guochengdehexinjiushizuowei“zhongjie”dexianyanxiangxiangliweigainiantigongtuxiang。zheiyiguochengshigainiannenggouzaijingyanduixiangneiliyunzuo,tongshiyoushizaduogebiedejingyanduixiangnenggoubei“tongshe”daotongyidegainianfanchouneiliqu。ruguozheishiyigerenzhiguochengzhongde“guanjianxing”dehexinzuoyong,neime,kangdezai《chuncuilixingpipan》dierbanjiang“xianyanxianxiangli”deduteweizhimoqu,jiangzhijianggeweizhixingdeyizhonggongneng,bingjiangchuncuizonghewanquanguifujichuncuizhixing,jiushide“chaoyuelunxiangxiangli”,tongshiyeshide“xianyantushihua”huo“chaoyuelundetushihua”yuanxianzaichuncuizonghezhongdehexinweizhibiandebulunbulei。jinguankangdezhidaowannianhaishijiangtashiweiquanshuzuizhongyaodezhangjiezhiyi,dantayeyoucibiande“kunnanzhongzhong”,biandelianquanweixingdekangdezhuanjiadou“bunengkuiqitangao,”zheixiedouchengweikangdebenrendouwufafourendeshishi。zaihaidegeerkanlai,zhengshijiangganxingdelingshouli,zhixingdezifaliyuxiangxiangdelianjiezonghelisanzhepingxingerlie,daozhishiyixuanwukanbuqing“chaoyuelundexiangxiangli”zaicunzailunshangde“gendi”zuoyong。zuowei“xingxiangli”dechaoyuelunxiangxiangli,qi“zonghe”zuoyongdemimibingbuzaiyujiang“ganxing”deyifanghe“zhixing”delingyifang“lianjie”、“chuanlian”qilai,ershishuo,ruowu“chaoyuelunxiangxiangli/xingxiangli”dezuoyong,shiyixuanwuguanyurenheshiwudejingyanzhishi,naizhizheigeshiwuzhiweizheigeshiwu,genbenjiubukeneng“chengxing”he“chengxiang”。suoyi,wentidezhenzhengguanjianbuzaiyu: jiujingshijiangchaoyuelundexiangxiangliguiyulingshouzhedeganxingzhiguanzhuguanfangmianni?haishiguizhuyuzifaxingdezhixinggainiandekeguanfangmian?gengbushiyouneimeyigeshitixingdedongxijiaozuo“chaoyuelundexiangxiangli”,zai“shijianshang”cunzaiyuganxinglihezhixinglizhiqian,juedingzhehoulaideganxingyuzhixing。haidegeerqiangdiaocunzaiwude“chengxing”huo“chengxiang”guochengshiyige“tongshi”deguocheng,erzheizhengshi“chaoyuelunxiangxiangli”de“zonghe”、“lianjie”demimisuozai。zaiciyiyishang,haidegeershuo,“chaoyuelundexiangxianglijiubujinjin,erqieshouxianbushiyizhongweiyuchuncuizhiguanhechuncuisiweizhijiandenengli,xiangfan,tashihetamenyidaochuxiandeyizhong‘jibennengli’,tashideqianliangzhedeyuanchutongyichengweikeneng,bingyincishidechaoyuezhizhengtidebenzhikenengxingchengweikeneng”。30yici,haidegeerlaijieshikangdesuoshuode“yinci,shiyixuanwuyouyizhongchuncuidexiangxiangli,tashirenleixinxingdeyizhongjibennengli,taxiantiandezuoweiyiqiezhishidejichu”,31yijizheizhongxiangxianglishi“xinlingdeyizhongbukehuoquedegongneng,ruomeiyouta,shiyixuanwushenzhigenbenjiubuhuiyouzhishi”。32

weiyouzaicunzailunhechaoyuelundecengmianlailijie“xing/xiangxiangli”de“zonghe”zuoyong,shiyixuanwucainengzhenzhenglijiehejieshikangdede“tushihua”xueshuo。jianlvedishuolai,“tushihua”jiushicunzaiwuzhiweizheigecunzaiwude“chengxing”he“chengxiang”guocheng,liruyongkangdedelizi,jiangdejiushiyizhigouzhiweizheizhigouhuozheyigesanjiaoxingzhiweizheigesanjiaoxingdegenjuheguocheng。huanjuhuashuo,shiyixuanwuzenmejiu“zhidao”zheishiyitiaogou?zaishenmeyiyishangkangdekeyishuo“yitiaogou”jiushi“yigeguize”?“gou”he“sanjiaoxing”dechengxianghechengxingchengxuyouhebutong?erzheixiejijiandanyoufuzadewentishizhishangqiaqiazhengshikangdesuoweide“xianyanyanyi”huozhequanbu《chuncuilixingpipan》deyaohaihexin,yeshihaidegeerdekangdepipanhejieshiziziguanzhubingshituzaibutongcengmianshangkaifangde“xingershangxueyinan”zhisuozai。33

—————

1 canjianhaidegeer《kangdeyuxingershangxueyinan》,wangqingjieyi,shanghaiyiwenchubanshe,2011nian,130-133ye。

2  “shijianmokuaichengshi”shibizheyonglailijiehejieshihaidegeerduikangdechaoyuelunhuoxianyantushihua(der transzendentale schematismus)zhihexinyaoyideyigegainian。zheilide“shijian”shizhiyizhong“daoshiguocheng”(zeitigen),zhixiang“tushihua”decunzailunmianxianghuocengmian,zheizaihouqihaidegeerneiligengyingrouruguanyu“kongjian”dezhexuesikao,suoyi,tagengyingbeilijieweizhixiang“tushihua”deyizhankaide“chaoyuelunshi-kongjingyu”(der transzendentale-raumzeitliche horizont)。“mokuai”zhideshizaitushihuaguochengzhongde“tushi(schema)he“tushitaceng"(schemata)de“zhongzhuanshuniu”jiqigongnengzuoyong;“chengshi”zhidezeshizheiyiguochengzhongdejutishishiheyunsuan、yunzuochengxu、zuofa(verfahren)。rucilijiexiadehaidegeerzhikangdejieshi,wanquankeyibeishiweixianjinfengxingderengongzhinengjisuanlilunzhongzhijiyujuanjishenjingyuanwangluoxitongde“shenduxuexi”lilunmoxingdezhexuexianqu。

十一选五3 kangde《chuncuilixingpipan》,a158 /b197。canjianliqiulingyiben,zhongguorenmindaxuechubanshe,2004nian

十一选五4 yalishiduode《linghunlunjiqita》,431a15-16。canjianwushoupengyiben,shangwuyinshuguan,1999nian。

十一选五5 canjianxiumo《renxinglun》,guanwenyunyi,shangwuyinshuguan,1981nian,20ye。

十一选五6 canjian e. j. furlong “imagination in hume’s‘treatise’ and ‘enquiry concerning the human understanding”, philosophy, vol.36 (1961), p.63.

7 xiumo《renxinglun》,21ye。

8 tongshang。

9 tongshang,143ye。

十一选五10 guanyuxiangxiangligainianzaizhexueshishangdegainianneirong、lishifenshuyuchuanchengdexiangjintaolun,canjiandictionary of philosophy of mind-imagination.zaiyuhulianwangzhan: philosophy.uwaterloo.ca/minddic/imagination.html.

11 kangde《chuncuilixingpipan》,a94。

十一选五12 kangde,tongshang,a124。

十一选五13 kangde,tongshang,a138/b177。

14 kangde,tongshang,a140/b179。

十一选五15 kangde,tongshang,a78/b103。

十一选五16 kangde,tongshang,a115。

十一选五17 kangde,tongshang,a122-123。

18 haidegeer《kangdeyuxingershangxueyinan》,126ye。

十一选五19 kangde《chuncuilixingpipan》,a294 / b350。

20 haidegeer《kangdeyuxingershangxueyinan》,129ye。

十一选五21 canjianhaidegeer,tongshang,152-153ye。

十一选五22 canjianhaidegeer,tongshang,151-162ye。

23 haidegeer,tongshang,127-128ye。

24 haidegeer,tongshang,130-131ye。

25 haidegeeryinzheng《chuncuilixingpipan》dediyijuhuahuozhe“diyimingti”laishuomingsiweiduizhiguandeyilaihelishuguanxi。“yizhongzhishi,wulunyishenmefangshiyijitongguoshenmeshouduanyuduixiangfashengguanxi,tayuduixiangzhijiefashengguanxisuopingjiedeyijiyiqiesiweizuoweishouduansuozhuiqiude,jiushizhiguan”。(krv a19)danlingyifangmian,haidegeermingxianzhuyidaolekangdebenrenyecengmingquedishuo,ganxingyuzhixingzheilianggetezhizhongde“renheyigedoubuyingyouxianyulingyige”deshuofa,yezhengyinruci,caiyoukangdedeneige“sixiangwuneirongzekong,zhiguanwugainianzemang”(krv a51 / b75) yiji“jufanshejirendemeiyizhongzhishidouyougainianyuzhiguanerlai”(kangde《guanyuzilaibunicihewoerfuyilaidexingershangxuedejinbu》)dezhuminglunduan。

十一选五26 haidegeer《kangdeyuxingershangxueyinan》,18ye。

十一选五27 haidegeer,tongshang,203ye。

28 haidegeer,tongshang,70ye。

十一选五29 haidegeer,tongshang,111ye。

30 haidegeer,tongshang,127 - 128ye。

十一选五31 kangde《chuncuilixingpipan》,a124。

32 kangde,tongshang,a78 / b104。

十一选五33 haiyouyixiezhongyaozhuanti,zhuruhaidegeerjieshikangdezaichaoyuelunxiangxianglimianqiantuisuodeyuanyin;mianduixuwudekongjuyuduishijianbenzhidemishi;chaoyuelundexiangxiangliyushijianxingjingyudekaixian;duikangdezhumingdesanyuanzonghedefenxi;yijichaoyuelunxiangxiangliyurendecunzai: qin(lincun)zai/cunzaiqinlindeguanxidengdeng,zheixiejunshihaidegeerdekangdejieshidezhongyaohuati。jianyupianfu,zaicibunengxiangxiyiyizhankai,yaoliudairihouxuwenzailun。




共有评论 0相关评论
发表十一选五的评论
请遵守《互联网电子公告十一选五管理规定》及中华人民共和国其他有关法律法规。
用户需对自己在使用本站十一选五过程中的行为承担法律责任。
本站管理员有权保留或删除评论内容。
评论内容只代表网友个人观点,与本网站立场无关。
用户名  密码  验证码 看不清楚,换张图片
0条评论    共1页   当前第1
  • “道济”哲学研究网 © 2011 版权所有:十一选五_十一选五软件-手机版
    西南民族大学哲学研究院 主办单位:十一选五_十一选五软件-手机版  
    友情链接 | 联系十一选五 | 管理入口
     
    地址: 成都市一环路南四段 邮编: 610041 电话: (028)85522045 85522033
  • 皖ICP备11005164号
  • 十一选五_十一选五软件-手机版 正规的彩票app_正规的彩票app合集_【官网推荐】 幸运农场_幸运农场彩票-专业购彩APP 快三_快三江苏-官方推荐 快3_快3江苏- 顶级信誉平台 时时彩票_时时彩票软件【官方网站】 彩票app下载_彩票app下载官网下载快三_官方入口 彩票app下载_彩票app下载最新|平台-Welcome 彩票官网_彩票官网app|网站首页 中国体育彩票_中国体育彩票官方网站_【官网】 彩票投注_彩票投注大厅-Welcome