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黄裕生: 现代国家观与现代人的国家认同

时间: 2019-05-15 06:54:29 点击:

十一选五zuozhe|huangyusheng,qinghuadaxuerenwenxueyuanzhexuexijiaoshou

renleigetizongshishenghuozaimouzhonggongtongtili,wurennenglikaigongtongtierguorendeshenghuo。danshi,renleigongtongtizhisuoyishirenleigongtongti,naizaiyurenheyizhongrenleigongtongtidoushijianlizaiyixiebeirenmenrenshidaoderenxingyuanzejichuzhishang,bingyinerhuoderenmenderentong。jiandanshuo,renherenleigongtongti(baokuoguojia)doushizaimouzhongzhishiyurentongdejichuzhishangcaideyijianliyuweichi。suizherenleiduizishenyushijiederenshideshenhua,renmenhuigengxinjiangougezhonggongtongtidejichuxingyuanze,bingjucitichugexingongtongtideyaoqiu。zheiyiweizhe,suizheguanyurenxingyushijiedezhishixitongdegengxin,renmenduizijishenghuoyuqizhongdegongtongtiderentongyehuisuizhifashengbianhua。

十一选五yinci,meiyouyigegongtongtinenggouyilaoyongyidijiejuechengyuangetiderentongwenti。zheiyiweizhe,yigegongtongti(tebieshiguojiazheiyangdezhengzhigongtongti)yaohuodechixudetuanjieyuwengu,bixushishizuochudiaozheng,youbiyaoyijushidaidexinzhishi、xinyuanze、xinlilunzuochugexin。zaixianshishenghuoli,renmenzhisuoyiyuanyishenghuozaimouzhonggongtongtili,bingweizhifuchunuli,naizhishengming,erbushifangqitahuolikaita,naizaiyurenmenduizheiyigongtongtiyoushenqiederentong。ruguorenmenduiyigegongtongtiquefarentong,huozherentongduchixuxiangdi,neime,renmenyaomehuilikaizheigegongtongti,yaomehuiqilaigaibianzheigegongtongti。duiyurenleigetilaishuo,chuyuburentonghuodirentongdeyuanyinerchuzou,doushiyizhongwunaidexuanze。ruguonengtongguolixingdenuliqugaibianyigezijiburentongdegongtongti,shizhichaoxiangfuheshidaidexinzhishi、xinyuanzedefangxianggaishan,neime,renmentongchangbuhuixuanzelikaita。zuiweixiandeqingkuangshi,dangdabufenchengyuanjiyushidaixindezhishixitongyuyuanzetixiershiquleduizijishenghuoyuqizhongdegongtongtiderentongshi,quejiwufachuzou,youwufatongguolixingdenuligaishanzheigegongtongti,neime,zheigegongtongtihenkenengjiangyifeilixingdefangshizouxiangwajie。zheishisuoyoushenghuoyuqizhongderendouzuibuyuanyikandaodejieguo。suoyi,duiyurenhegongtongtilaishuo,douyoubiyaorenzhenduidaichengyuangetiderentongwenti,yibimiangongtongtidekuibaiyuwajie。

十一选五zaijinyibutaolungongtongtiderentongwentizhiqian,shiyixuanwuyaoshouxianduigongtongtidecengcijinxingbiyaodehuafen。yichuxiandelishizhixuhuodijincengci,shiyixuanwukeyibagongtongtihuafenwei: jiatinggongtongti、zongzugongtongti、minzugongtongti、xinghuigongtongti、guojiagongtongti、diyugongtongti、wenhuagongtongti(baokuozongjiaogongtongti)。zheili,chuwenhuagongtongtiyiwai,yizhaozheigezhixu,yuezaodegongtongti,lunliguanxiyuejinmi,yineryueshiyigelunligongtongti;xiangfan,yuewandegongtongtiqiyueguanxiyuezhongyao,yineryueshiyigeqiyuegongtongti。buguo,shiyixuanwuyaotebiezhichudeshi,meiyouyigegongtongtishidanchundelunligongtongtihuodanchundeqiyuegongtongti。jishishijiatingyebaohanzheqiyuedeguanxi,erxinghui、guojiazeyebaohanzhelunligongtongtideyaosu,yinweitamenbushizaiziranzhuangtaizhongjianliqilai,erzhikenengzailunlishijielijianliqilai。zhibuguo,youyulunliyaosuyuqiyueyaosudechengduchayi,guidinglegongtongtidehefaxinglaiyuan,yijigongtongtideshimingyugongnengdengfangmiandebutong,congeryeguidinglechengyuanrentonggongtongtidetujingyuneirongdechayi。duiyulunliguanxiweizhudaodegongtongti(shiyixuanwuquanqiechengzhiweilunligongtongti)laishuo,tadehefaxingzaiyutazunxunzhebeirenmenrenshidaodeneixielunliyuanze;conggongtongtiweihuzhezheiyangyixielunliyuanze,congerlvxingzheyixielunlizeren,chengdanzhexiangyingdelunligongneng,renmenchanshengduigongtongtiderentong,bingfanguolaiweihuzhezheigelunligongtongti。suiranduilunligongtongtiderentongyehuisuizherenleizishiyixuanwurenshidegengxinerchuxianweiji,danshi,zheizhongweijitongchanghuicushilunligongtongtizuochudiaozhengerzouxiangxindexingtai。yinweilunligongtongtidechengyuanzaiqishenghuozhongzhijieshijian、zunxunzheyixiliechaoyuexingdexianghu(xiangai)yuanze,zheishilunligongtongtizongnengzaizheixiechaoyuexingyuanzedejichushangjinxingshishidiaozheng,yihuanjiehuohuajierentongweiji,erbuzhiyuyinweirentongweijierwajiehuobengkui。danshi,qiyuexinggongtongtizeyuciyouzhongdabutong: qianzhedehefaxinglaizirangduyuweituo,yinci,chengyuanduitaderentongzhuyaolaizitashifouanyuelvxinglechengnuo,shifouyiyuefahuiletadegongneng。suoyi,qiyuegongtongtiderentongjichushizuidanbode,tebieshidangrenmenrenshidaoqiyuegongtongtideqiyuexingzhizhihou,gengshiruci。zheiyeshiweishenmejindaiyilaiguojiarentongchenglemeigeguojiabudebumianduidewenti。

zaiduiguojiazheizhongzhengzhigongtongtiderentongshang,xiandairenyugudairenyouhendadebutong,yinweigudairenbingmeiyourenshidaoguojiadeqiyuexingzhi,yinci,gudairenzhuyaocongsangefangmianhuoquduizhengzhigongtongtiderentong: shouxianshiwenhua(baohanchaoyueminzudezongjiao、daodejiaohuadeng)fangmian。“xiudeyilaiyuanren”,jiushiyaoyiwenhualaibangzhurenmenhuoquduizhengzhigongtongtiderentonggan。qicishishilihuozheshuoqianglifangmian。sheiyongyouqiangli,huozhesheihuodeleqiangli,renmenjiuchengren、renkeqitongzhi。suiranzheishiyizhongchengwangbaikouderentongluoji: qianglijizhengdang,huozheyonglusuodegaikuo,qianglijiquanli,danshi,zaixiangdangzhangdelishishiduanli,renmenjiuzunxunzhezheizhongrentongluoji,huozheshuo,qiangliyizhishiposhirenmenjieshouqitongzhibingzuizhongrentongqitongzhidezhongyaotujing。disanshishenquanguojiaguan,yejiguojiahuozhengzhishitidezuigaoquanlibeishiweilaizirenzhiwaidechaoyuezhe,youyuzuigaotongzhiquanlaizibeigongtongxinyangdeshenshengxingshiwu,suoyi,renmenyejiuyouliyoujieshoubingrenketa,huozhegengqueqieshuo,renmenyejiumeiyouliyoubujieshouta。buguanshijunquanshenshou,haishifengtianchengyun,doushuyuzheizhongshenquanguojiaguan。

dangran,yigezhengzhigongtongtitongchanghuitongshiliyongzheisangefangmianlaizhengquguominderentong,erguominyetongchanghuitongguoduogefangmianlaihuoquduiguojiaderentong。

yugudairenbutong,xiandairenhuoquguojiarentongdetujingyuneirongfashenglebianhua。zheiyurenleijindaiyilaiqueliqixindeguojialilunhuoguojiaguanyouguan。shijishang,congweisitefaliyaheyuezhihou,ouzhourenzhujianqueliqileliangtaoyingxiangquanqiudeguojialilun,yejiminzuguojiaguanyuqiyuelunguojialilun。

minzuguojiazheizhongguojiaxingtaishizaiouzhouteshudelishijingyanzhongjianliqilaide,zheiyangdeminzuguojiabeichengren、beijianlishijishangshijiyushilidebianjieyushilidejunheng。yejiushishuo,minzuguojiahuodechengrenyuguominderentong,zaihendachengdushangyilaiyuqiangli,zaizheiyidianshang,tayugudaiguojiameiyoushenmebutong。danshizheiyangdeminzuguojiayidanjianliqilai,tongshiyezaojiuleguanyuminzudeyigezhengzhixiangxiang: jiminzugongtongtijishiyigezhengzhigongtongti,huozheshuo,minzushitijishiyigezhengzhishiti。youzheigezhengzhixiangxiangyinchuleyigezhengzhiyuanze: meigeminzuyinqiminzushuxingbianyouliyoujiangouzijideguojia。zheiyiweizhe,guojiazhuquandezhengdangxingshouxianlaiziyuchengyuandeminzuxing,huozheshuo,minzuxingkeyichengweiguojiazhuquansuqiudeshouyaoliyou。zheigezhengzhiyuanzechangchangyoubeijianhuaweizheiyangyitiaoyuanze: yigeminzuyigeguojia。youcibianxingchengleyigesuoweide“minzuguojialilun”。

keyishuo,zhengshiminzuguojiazaiouzhoudequeli,tuidongleminzuguojiaguandexingcheng。ersuizhezheizhongminzuguojiaguandequanqiuxingchuanbo,tahuanxinglequanshijiegeminzudezishiyixuanwuyishi。yushi,zaiminzuxingchengweiguojiazhuquansuqiudezhengdangxingliyoudetongshi,minzuxingyechengleguominhuoquduiguojiarentongdejibenneirong,shenzhishizuihexindeneirong。chaoyueminzudeneizhongwenhua,baokuochaoyueminzu、diyudezongjiaoxinyang,zaiguojiarentongzhongkaishituijuciyaodiwei。

buguo,cushiwenhua、zongjiaozaiguojiarentonggongnengshangderuohua,haiyulingyitaoguojialilunxiangguan,zheijiushiqiyuelunguojiaguan。qiyuelunguojiaguanbaohanzhesidayuanze: diyi,guojiazhuquanbulaiziguominzhiwaidechaoyuezhe,erjiulaiziquantiguomingetidequanlirangdu。yinci,guojiadezhuquandezhengdangxinglaiziyumeigeguominziji,lusuobatagaikuowei“zhuquanzaiminyuanze”。dier,ziyoudegetixianyuguojiadeyuanze,jiranguojiazhuquanlaiziyuchengyuangetiquanliderangdu,neime,quanligetidangranxianyuguojia。disan,quanliyuanze: getiquanlibujinshiliguozhiyuanze(yinweitashiguojiaquanlidezhengdangxingdeweiyilaiyuan),erqieshiliguozhimude,yejiguojiadeshimingshouxianzaiyuweihuhebaozhangchengyuangetineixiebukerangdudequanli,yijijiyuzheixiequanlieryingxiangyoudeliyi。disi,daiyiyuanze,tongguoweituoyubeiweituodeguanxilaishixianliguozhimude。

yuminzuguoguanxiangbi,qiyuelunguojiaguanshiyoulilunjiangouqilaide,ranhoucaibeifuzhushijian。zaizheizhongqiyuelunguojiaguanli,guojiahuodeguominderentongzhuyaoyoulianggetujing: yigeshijiyudaiyiyuanzedezhengdangchengxu,tongguozheigechengxu,guomingeticongzhongkandaozijiduizhuquanzhiguanlihuodongdecanyuhefendan;meiyouzheigechengxu,jiumeiyouzhenzhengdeqiyue,renmenyejiuganshoubudaoyuguojiazhuquandeguanxi,yinerdebudaoqiyuezhederentong。lingyigeshi,chengyuangetidequanli,yijijiyuzheixiequanlidexiangguanliyidedaoyingyoudeweihuyubaozhang,shiguomincongguojiadexingdongzhongkandaolezijidezunyan、jiazhiyuliyi。shiyixuanwukeyibazheilianggerentongtujinggaikuoweichengxuzhengdangyuquanlibaozhangzheiliangdayaosu。

十一选五yejiushishuo,zaiqiyuelunguojiali,guominshouxianshijiyuzheiliangdayaosulaihuodeduiguojiaderentong。zheiyiweizhe,wenhuayuminzuxingzaiguojiarentongzhongtuijuleciyaodiwei。huangejiaodushuo,qiyuelunguojiaruohualewenhuayuminzuxingzaiguojiarentongzhongdezuoyong,youqizhongyaodeshi,tayeruohualeqianglizaiguojiarentongzhongdegongneng。tebieshisuizhelusuoduiqianglibenshenbujurenhezhengdangxingdeshenkelunshu,zaiduiguojiaderentongguochengzhong,qianglibenshenshenzhishoudaolejingti。youqishibujuyouchengxuzhengdangxingdeqiangli,huozhebunengzunzhongyubaozhangchengyuangetidepubianquanlideqiangli,shenzhichengleguojiarentongdezhangai。

十一选五suoyi,qiyuelunguojiaguanbujindianfulechuantongdeguojiaguan,yegaibianlechuantongdeguojiarentongtujingyurentongyaosu。zaichuantongdeguojiarentongzhongfahuishouyaozuoyongdechuantongwenhua、minzushuxingyijiqianglizheisandayaosudoutuijuciyaodiwei,zhiyouzaichengxuzhengdangyuquanlibaozhangzheiliangdayaosudejichushang,zheixieciyaoyaosucainengfahuirentongzuoyong。erqianmiantijide“shenquanguojiaguan”zaiqiyuelunguojializechedisangshilerentonggongneng,renheshitutongguozhuangshennongguibazijidabanchenggaogaozaishangdeshenzhudechuantongzuofa,zaiqiyuelunguojiachengweizhuliudeshijieli,bujinbidingwanquanshixiao,erqiebidingfaneryinfaquanmiandedichu。

zheili,tebieyaotishideyidianshi,xianhouchanshengyuouzhoudeminzuguojiaguanyuqiyuelunguojiaguanzaibuzibujuezhongbeizhijieduijieqilai,huozheshuo,beitongyileqilai,yizhisihuqiyuelundeliguoyuanze(quanliyuanze),chengleminzuguojiadeliguoyuanze,huozheshuo,quanliyuanzesihuzhichileyiminzuxingjianguodeyuanze。youyuzheizhongsishierfeideduijie,shibenlaizhishijiyuouzhouteshulishijingyanxingchengdeminzuguojiaguanhuodeleqiyuelundelilunzhichi,tebieshihuodelezaililunshangdedaochongfenlunzhengdequanliyuanzedezhichi。jieguojiushiminzuguojiaguansuizhequanlililundedaoleqiangyoulidechuanbo,bingbeiguangfanjieshou。zheizhongyongqiyuelunzhuangbanqilaideminzuguojiaguanzaituidongxindeguojitixidejiangouyuxingchengdetongshi,yejishijiedailaileguojiarentongdehunluan,jinerdailailewuqiongwujindeminzuchongtuyufenlie。suoyi,shiyixuanwuyoubiyaoduizheiliangzhongguojialilundeguanxijiayijianyaochengqing。

shijishang,qiyuelunguojialilunyuminzuguojialilunzhijianshijishangbingwuneizaidexueliguanlian,huozheshuo,tamenzhijianbingmeiyouneizaidetongyixing。zuoweiqiyuelundeliguoyuanze,quanliyuanzebenshenbujinyuminzuxingwuguan,shenzhikeyishuotashituominzuxingde。yinweiguomingetidequanli,buguanshikerangdudequanli,haishibukenengrangdudequanli,doushiyizhongpubiandequanli: zheizhongquanlichaoyueleminzushuxingyuyiqieteshudewenhuashuxing。yinci,ruguoshuoqiyuelunguojiaxueshuodeguojiazhuquanshilaiziyuchengyuangetidequanlirangdu,bingqieshiyigenghaoweihuyubaozhangneixiebukerangdudequanliweiqimude,yejiushishuo,renmendezhuquansuqiunaishijiyuchengyuangetiyiyangdepubianquanli,neime,zheiyangdeguojiazhuquanqiaqiashituominzushuxingde,huozhegengqueqieshuo,shifeiminzuxingde,yuminzuxingwuguande。zheili,shiyixuanwuyeyaofudaidishuo,jiyutongyangliyou,guojiazhuquanyeyuzongjiaoshuxingwuguan。

十一选五yinci,qiyuelunguojialilunbingbuweiminzuguojiaguanbeishu,gengbutigonglilunshangdezhichi。xiangfan,qiyuelunguojiaxueshuozairuohuawenhuaderentongzuoyongdetongshi,yeruohuaminzushuxingderentongzuoyong。renmenwanquankeyishuyubutongminzu、butongzongjiaoquerentongtongyigeqiyuexingguojia,yejijiyuchengxuzhengdangyuquanlibaozhangerchanshengdeduiguojiaderentong。suiranchengxuzhengdangyuquanlibaozhangzuoweiguojiarentongdejichukansidanbo,danshi,zaiqiyuelunguojiaxueshuoyijiyijuzheiyixueshuogaizaoerchengdexiandaixingguojiachengweizhuliudeshijieli,zheiliangdayaosuquechengweixiandaiguojiarentongzuijichuyezuiqiangyoulideyuanquan。zheishiyinweiqiyuelunguojiaxueshuoshijianliyitaoxindezhishixitongzhishang,erzheitaozhishitixizebaohanzheduirenxing,tebieshiduirendeziyoubenzhiyougengquanmian、gengshenruderenshi。youqishidangqiyuelunguojiaxueshuobeixiuzhengweiyilunlishijieweijichuzhihou,tadejieshiliyushuofulishisuoyouqitaguojiaxueshuodounanyubinide,zheijiuruxiandaiwulixuezaijieshiwulishijieyaoyuanbigudaiwulixuehelideduoyiyang。

suoyi,jintian,buguanshinazhongxingtaideguojia,shi“minzuxingguojia”,haishi“wenmingxingguojia”,huozhe“hunhexingguojia”,mianduiguominderentongweijiwenti,shouxianyingdangtongguosangefangmiandegaishanlaihuajie: 1.shigonggongquanliyunzuozaichengxushanggengjiabaorong、kaifang、gongkai,jianyanzhi,shiquanlidedongzuochengxugengjiazhengdanghua;2.gengjiachongfendizunzhongbingbaozhangguomingetineixiebukerangdudepubianquanli;3.gengchongfendiweihubingbaozhangyupubianquanlixiangduiyingdeneixiejibenliyi(birujiaoyu、jiuyejihui,shiyejiuji,yiliao、yanglaobaozhangdengjibenfuli)。zaijiejuezheisangefangmiancunzaidewentidejichushang,suoyouqitafangmian,biruwenhuachuantong、minzutese、guojiachengjiuhuoguojialiliang,caikenengzaiguojiarentongfangmianfahuizuoyong,fouze,renheqitanulibujinshibeigongban,shenzhihaikenengshideqifan。tebieshizaiyigeduominzuguojiali,duiminzushuxing、wenhuachuantongdengteshuyinsudetuchuyuqiangdiao,shiyibashuangrenjian。shijishang,qiyuelunguojiaxueshuoyizhiweijichudexinzhishitixiyichengrenleishehuigongshidejintian,jishizaitongyigeminzuli,zheixieteshuyinsuyewufazaichengweifahuiguojiarentongdezhuyaogongneng。

十一选五conglilunyulishijingyankan,genghaodijiejueqianmiantishideneisangefangmiandewenti,bujinkeyizuiyouxiaodihuajiexiandaiguojiaderentongwenti,erqiehenduoshehuisilie、zuqunfenlinaizhichongtu,doukeyizaizuidachengdushangdedaohuanjie。zhishaoyouyidianshikendingde,neijiushizaizuohaolezheisanfangmiandenulidejichushang,yejiuhuodeleyiqitagengduofangshilaiyingduihejiejuegongtongtidesilieyuchongtudezhengdangliyou。shijishang,dangmeigechengyuangetideshengming、ziyouyucaichannengdedaochongfenbaozhangdeqiantixia,renmentongchangyejiubuhui,yezaimeiyouliyou,weizijideminzuxinghuowenhuachuantongdengqitarenheteshushuxingqubazijideshengmingzhiyuweixianzhizhong。yinweizhengrushiyixuanwuzaiqianmiandefenxizhongsuozhichude: minzuxing(baokuochuantong、lishidengteshuxing)benshenbingbunengchengweirenmendezhuquansuqiudezhengdangxingliyou,youqishizaigongtongtidechengyuangetidejibenquanliyuxiangguanliyidedaochongfenbaozhangdeqiantixia,gengshiruci。

十一选五2019nian12yue1rigaiding

本文原载于《探索与争鸣》(2020年第2期),来源于“云山论道,版权所有:十一选五_十一选五软件-手机版




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