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郭喨: 人工智能革命与人类命运

时间: 2017-06-21 20:57:06 点击:

十一选五yirengongzhinengweidaibiaodedangdaizhinenggemingshiguanyurenleizishendeyichanggenbenxingbiange,zheishiyichang“sanweiyiti”degeming——keji、chanye、shehuizhei“sanwei”he“ren”zhei“yiti”。zhinenggemingjishikejigeming,yeshichanyegeming,haishishehuigeming——jiangduofangmianzhongsushiyixuanwudeshenghuoxingtai;zhinenggeminggengshirenleizishendegeming,renleizaigemingzhongde“shendukejihua”jiangyuci“sanwei”xianghuzuoyong、gongtongyanhua。cong“fanshendegeming”dao“zishendegeming”huo“jushen(embodied)degeming”,“rendegeming”shirengongzhinenggemingdetuchutedian。


   zaicicigemingzhong,renleidekejihuazhengzaibianchengyifubutongdetujing。butongyuyiwangsancikejigeming,cicigemingshizhendege“ming”——renleibukebimiandi“sheru”yirengongzhineng、dashuju、yunjisuandengzhudaode“xinshijie”。guoqudelicikejigemingqiyingxiangzhuyaochuyu“ren”zheiyi“zhuti”zhiwai,shiyixuanwukeyixiangduiqingxidihuachu“zhuti”yu“duixiang”dejiexian。dancicigemingjiyuzhixiangbanderenleishendukejihuabutongyuyiwanglicigeming,shiyichangrenlei“zishendegeming”。


   rendeshentibei“zhinengti”tidai。rushenghuadianziren(cybernetic organism,cyborg)jiangzhinengganyingqizhirurentinei,qudairendemouxieqiguan,shenzhiyurendeshenjingxitongjinxinglianjie;weixingbangguangganyingqikeyirangjizhuichuangshanghuanzhedebangguang“huifu”ganzhinenglicongershixianzizhupaibian;youxiezhinengyanjingtongguoquanxiyingxiang、kuozengshijing、yuyinyushoushishibiechengwei“rengongzhinengyan”,nenggoutidairenleiyanjingdemouxiejibengongneng;“zhinengjiazhi”dengyesuizheshengwucailiaodefazhanbeigengguangfandiyingyong。rende“jiqihua”、“dianzihua”bukebimianqieqianjingguangkuo。


   renderenzhihepanduanbei“zhineng”tidai。rengongzhinenggenjuyouxianxianyouxinxiduirenleijinxingdaliangzhongfuertongleixingde“gexinghuatuijian”,daozhirenmenxianru“xihuande—tuijiande—xihuande”dezifanxianjingwufataoli,qieduanlerenleiduixinxian、moshengyuyizhishijiedejiekou,duirenleisixiang、renzhiyuxingweidoujiangchanshengzhongdayingxiang。rengongzhinengjiangjuedingxiangrenlei(xiangmouyigehuomeiyigetedinggeren)“touwei”hezhong“jingshensiliao”;youyuzaijutizhineng(rujisuanzuijialuxian)shangcunzaijuda“ren—ji”chayi,shiyixuanwujihuzhaobudaorenheliyoujujuezheizhong“tuijian”,rengongzhinengjiangyi“zuijiatuijian”dengfangshishenkeyingxiangnaizhijibentidairenleiderenzhihepanduan。zheiyiyudaozhirenleizhutixing、dulixingdexueruonaizhisangshi。


十一选五   rendesixiangheyishibenshenbei“zhineng”tidai。youyurenleideyishishangshuyu“daijiezhimi”,“jiqiyishi”yiduweishiweikexuehuanxiang。ranerconggongnengshangkaocha,jiqiwanquankeyiyiyizhongrenleisuobunenglijiedefangshijinxingyouxiaoshiyixuanwubingqiechuangzaochuxiangyingdeyuyanheqitashiyixuanwufangshi(shencengshenjingwangluoxuexiyijingchuxianlemouzhongguangyide、renleisuobunenglijiede“jiqiyishi”),zheizhonghuozheileigengshiherengongzhinengdejiqijiandeyuyanhuo“jiqisixiang”,kenengjiangyigengguangdeyingyong、genggaodexiaolvdengyoushishixianduirenleiyishidezhubutidai。


   rengongzhinengzhinenggemingji“renleishendukejihua”dejieguojiangmohu“ren”yu“wu”dejiexian,jianggexin“rendezhineng”、dailai“zhinengderen”,bingjianggexin“wudezhineng”、dailai“zhinengdewu”。“zhinenggeming”jiangyinfalunliyushehuizhixudezhonggou,dailaiquanxindeshehuizhixu。


   “zhinenggeming”juyou“sangebu”detezheng: bukeni、bukecehebukefen,biaoxianwei“qushibukeni”yu“houguobukeni”;“jishubukece”yu“weilaibukece”;“zhukebukefen”yu“renjibukefen”。


   “qushibukeni”yu“houguobukeni”: youyurenleiduifazhan、jinbuhexiaolvdexuqiu,zhinenggemingdefashengcunzaibiranxing,erqieyidanfashengjiuwufatingzhi,nengzuodezhishijuedingruhefazhan。zhinenggemingshiyizhongduoweidu、bukenidegeming,tajiangdailaizhengzhi—jingji—shehuidengfuheweidudehouguo。youyuzhinenggemingdui“ren”benshendeshendujieru——zhinenggemingguohoude“ren”shenzhijiangbutongyugemingzhiqiande“ren”。zhinenggemingjuyoutuchude“houguobukeni”tezheng,“renleishendukejihua”jishiqi“bukeni”dejieguo。


   “jishubukece”yu“weilaibukece”: dangqiangemingzhong,zhinengjishujinrulexindejichengjieduan: rengongzhineng、jiqirenjishu、yidongtongxunjishu、dashuju、yunjisuandengjishuxianghuronghe,qudeletupoxingdejinzhan。jishujichengbushiduozhongjishudejiandanxiangjia,ershihuichansheng“tubian”、“yongxian”dezhinengti,congergaibianzhinengyanhuadelujing。youyu“jishubukece”yijijishudejiazhimingan、sheshenxinghefangdaxiaoying,dailaileweilaidebuquedingxing,congerdaozhi“weilaibukece”。renmenduiweilaidepanduancunzaifenqi: jishuzhuanjiamangyujiejuejutidejishuwenti,lirujiyu“hangzhouchengshishujudanao”bahangzhoucheliangtongxingsudutigao5%,zhinenggemingdefengxianshangweizaijishuyanjiulingyuzhangxian;erzhexuejiazeyouyuquefashizhengdezhengjuheduicileijishubenshenderenzhigeheerwufaqierujishutixineibu,jishuzhuanjiapipingtamenlianpythonzheiyangzuijiandandechengxuyuyandoubudong——zheitixianlezairengongzhinengwentishang,zhexuejia、kexuejiayugongchengshizhijianquefayouxiaodeshiyixuanwu。weilaizhisuoyi“bukece”zhuyaoyuanyinzaiyu“geming”deyiyishangweichongfenzhangxian,shiyixuanwuhaibuqingchuyingruheyingdui。


十一选五   “zhukebukefen”yu“renjibukefen”: zhinenggemingjirenleishendukejihuadezhijiehouguoshilunliyushehuizhixudezhonggou,yingduiqiansancikejigemingdejingyanru“zhukeerfen”、“shenxineryuan”、“renjifenli”dengzai“xiandaixing”kuangjialide“lishijingyan”fenfenshixiao——wulunshizuoweixianxiangdemiaoshu、haishizuoweiduiguizedezhiding,douyaoqiuzhemouzhong“bukefen”: “zhinengderen”he“zhinengdewu”dejiexianjianggengjiamohu,shiyixuanwubingfeiwaizaiyuzhinenggeming,shiyixuanwuneizaiyuqizhong。heigeerzai《jingshenxianxiangxue》zhongchaoqianditichuleshiyongyujintianzheichanggemingdemingti“bazhutikanchengshiti,bashitikanchengzhuti”,zhinenggemingdeweilaili,“zhuti”yu“shiti”kenengbingbukefen。


十一选五   youyurengongzhinenggemingherenleishendukejihuadeqianshutezheng,shiyixuanwuxuyaoyizhongquanxindeguannianzhudongyingjie“shendukejihua”。zuowei“zhinenggeming”dezuichudonglihejieguochengdanzhe,shiyixuanwubujinshiguanzhong,haishibiaoyanzhe,yuxinzhinengtigongwu——gaibianshijiedetongshi,yeweiqisuogaibian。shiyixuanwuxuyaoyongbao,erbushidazarengongzhinengzheiyiqiangyoulidegongju,zaizheiyixingongjudebangzhuxiashiyixuanwukeyihuodeqiansuoweiyoudefazhan。jiran“weilaibukece”,neimewuxuyuce——shiyixuanwuzhixubatachuangzaochulai!


   (benwenxiguojiashekejijinzhuanxiangketi“xinshidaizhongguotesechuangxinwenhuayanjiu”(18vsj089)jieduanxingchengguo)




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