十一选五

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徘徊在城乡之间的中国农民工

时间: 2010-08-11 21:14:00 点击:

核心提示: 2008年9月后,随着国际金融危机对十一选五国沿海地区部分产业影响的逐步显现,返乡农民工规模不断扩大,并引起政府、媒体和学界的关注。为了解国际金融危机对农民工影响的实际状况,十一选五于2009年2月在重庆市进行了专题调研,实地调查了重庆市黔江区中塘乡迎新村、长寿区洪湖镇凤凰村、綦江县郭扶镇古松村,并与重庆市农...

十一选五    diaochaxianshi,cicinongmingongdaguimofanxiangzhuyaoyouguojijinrongweijiyinfa,tongshiyeshiduozhongyinsuyingxiangdejieguo;guojijinrongweijiyinfadenongmingongdaguimofanxiangbingweizaigenbenshanggaibiannongcunlaodongliwaichuwugongdezongtiqushi。

十一选五yaobimianzainongmingongliudongguanlifangmiandegeliezhuangtai,jinyibujiaqiangliuchudizhengfuyuliurudizhengfudefengongxiezuo,

jiangnongmingongdeliuchuhefanxiangnarulaodongliliudongdewanzhengguochengjiayikaolv,yindaonongmingongfeinongzhiyehuafazhan,heliguihuabujunongmingongfanxianghoudegongzuo,lizhengshixian“fanchengbufanxiang、fanxiangbufannong、fannongbufanpin”。

xu

2008nian9yuehou,suizheguojijinrongweijiduishiyixuanwuguoyanhaidiqubufenchanyeyingxiangdezhubuxianxian,fanxiangnongmingongguimobuduankuoda,bingyinqizhengfu、meitihexuejiedeguanzhu。weilejieguojijinrongweijiduinongmingongyingxiangdeshijizhuangkuang,shiyixuanwuyu2009nian2yuezaizhongqingshijinxinglezhuantidiaoyan,shididiaochalezhongqingshiqianjiangquzhongtangxiangyingxincun、zhangshouquhonghuzhenfenghuangcun、qijiangxianguofuzhengusongcun,bingyuzhongqingshinongmingongban、zhongqinglongrenyangshengbaojianzhiyexuexiao、zhongqingshinanjimenlaowushichangdefuzerenjinxinglefangtan。yanjiurenwei,cicinongmingongdaguimofanxiangsuiyouguojijinrongweijiyinfa,dantongshiyoushiduozhongyinsuyingxiangdejieguo;guojijinrongweijiyinfadenongmingongdaguimofanxiangbingweizaigenbenshanggaibiannongcunlaodongliwaichuwugongdezongtiqushi,danqizhongfanyingchudexintedianjishencengciwentigengzhideguanzhu。

十一选五yi、cicinongmingongfanxiangdejibentedian

zaixiangdangzhangdeshijiannei,nongmingongchuyu“yigongyinong、yichengyixiang”de“houniaoshi”liudongzhuangtai,qifanxiangxingweishizhongyuqiwaichuxingweizhangqigongcun,congergouchenglejuyouzhongguotesedenongcunlaodongliliudongdejibentedian。juzhongguoshehuikexueyuanshehuixuesuo2008nianshehuizhuangkuangzonghediaochajieguo,zhishao63.8%denongcunjiatingzhongyouchengyuancengyoufeinongjiuyejingli,ermuqianrengyouchengyuancongshifeinongzhiyedejiatingzhishaozhan55.7%。jiugereneryan,43.25%derenyouguofeinongjiuyedejingli,qizhong1/4derenzaicongshifeinongzhiyehouhuixiangwunong,muqianrengyou26.41%denongcunhujirenkouzhengzaicongshifeinongzhiye。zheijiuyiweizhe,quanguo7yinongcunhujirenkouzhong,3yirenyouguofeinongjiuyejingli,qizhongjin0.8yirenhuidaoxiangcunzhongxinwunong。ercicinongminfanxiangyuyiwangxiangbi,zechengxianchubutongdetedian。

十一选五1.duozhongyinsudiejiayingxiangxiadenongmingongfanxiangbiaoxianweitufaxingyuzhouqixingbingcun,bingchengxianchujizhongxing、guimohuatezheng。

十一选五yibanlaishuo,nongmingongdefanxiangxingweibaokuotufaxingfanxianghezhouqixingfanxiangliangzhong。suoweitufaxingfanxiangshizhiyinweiyudaobukeyuqideshijianfasheng,ercongliurudifanhuidaonongcun。suoweinongmingongzhouqixingfanxiangzhuyaobaokuowaichuwugongshengmingzhouqi、shengmingshijianzhouqihejijiezhouqisangebutongxingzhideguilvxingfanxiang。

十一选五shouguojijinrongweijiyingxiang,2008nian9yuekaishi,nongmingongfanxiangdejizhongxing、guimohuatezhengchuxian。jugedidiaochajieguokan,dao2008nian12yuedi,fanxiangnongmingongdazhizhanwaichuwugongzongshude5%zhi15%;2009nian1yuedi,yinchunjiejiaqidengyuanyinfanxiangdenongmingongdazhizhanwaichuwugongzongshude50%。yinci,cicifanxiangnongmingongguimosuida,danbingfeiyouyudanyideguojijinrongweijiyingxiangsuozhi,ershiduozhongyinsuyingxiangdiejiadejieguo。

十一选五nongmingongjizhongxing、guimohuafanxiangyuanyincongmuqiankan,zhuyaoshiyouguojijinrongweijixiabufenqiyededaobitinggongyinfade。tongshi,nongmingongguibichunyungaofeng,zhishichunjiezhouqixingfanxiangxingweishidiantiqian,yekuodalefanxiangguimo。ermeitiduiyuguojijinrongweijixianongmingongfanxiangwentidechaohuxunchangdeguanzhu,yegouchenglenongmingongfanxiangjuecediaozhengdecankaoyinsu。yiner,cicinongmingongfanxiangzongtishangchengxianchutufaxingfanxiangyuzhouqixingfanxiangbingcundexintedian。

十一选五juzhongqingshitongji,2008nian12yuediqianhoufanxiangdenongmingongjibenyizhijieshouguojijinrongweijiyingxiangdenongmingongweizhu,ercihouyinguojiefanxiangdenongmingongbilidafushangsheng。zongtieryan,zhongqingwaichuwugongde778wannongmingongzhong,fanxiangbiliyuewei46.1%,erzhijieyinjinrongweijiyingxiangerfanxiangdezhanwaichuwugongzongshude5%zuoyou。

2.guojijinrongweijiduizhongguojingjidiquxing、xingyexingdefumianyingxiang,zainongmingongfanxiangguochengzhongyousuotixian。

十一选五genjushididiaochasuohuodedexinxi,2008nianxiabanniandenongmingongfanxiangchaozhong,dongnanyanhaishinongmingongfanxiangdezhuyaolaiyuandi。congxingyeshanglaikan,zhizaoyetebieshichukouzhizaoyenongmingongfanxiangdebilizuigao;ershiyixuanwuxingyenongmingongfanxiangdebilibingbushihengao。

ruguoyi2008nian12yuediweifenjiedian,zezaidiqushangbiaoxianchucishidianqianfanxiangnongmingongdewugongdiquyizhusanjiao、zhangsanjiaoweizhu,cishidianyihoucongzhongqingshineifanxiangnongmingongbilidafutigao。2008nian12yuediqian,congzhusanjiao、zhangsanjiaofanxiangdenongmingongrenshuzhanfanxiangnongmingongzongshude55.7%,congzhongqingshineifanxiangdejinzhan18.4%;er2009nian1yue,leijicongzhusanjiao、zhangsanjiaofanxiangdenongmingongrenshuzhanfanxiangnongmingongzongshude39%,congzhongqingshineifanxiangdezezhan36.9%。erzaixingyeshangbiaoxianchu2008nian12yuediqianfanxiangnongmingongdewugongxingyeyishoujinrongweijiyingxiangjiaodadedianzijiagongye、wanjujiagongyeweizhu,cishidianyihouzezhusucanyinyejiqitaxingyedenongmingongfanxiangbilishangsheng。

chuzailiurudishangbiaoxianchudiquxing、xingyexingtezhengwai,zaidiaochazhongshiyixuanwuyefaxian,nongmingongfanxiangxingweizailiuchudishangtongyangbiaoxianchudiquxing、xingyexingdechabie。youyunongmingongwaichuwugongyoujiaoqiangdejiqunxing,jilaizitongyidiqudenongmingongwangwanggengduodijizhongzaimouyitedingliurudiquhuozhexingyewugong,yinci2008nianxiabanniandenongmingongfanxiangchaoyechuxianlediyuxingdechayi: bufenyizaidongnanyanhai、waixiangxingqiyejiuyedenongmingongweizhudexiangzhen,qinongmingongfanxiangbilijiaogao;eryouxiexiangzhenzemeiyouchuxianguimoxingnongmingongfanxiangxianxiang。

3.guojijinrongweijibingweigaibiannongmingongwaichuwugongdejibenqushi,dannongmingongwaichuwugongxingweigengqulixing。

guojijinrongweijibingmeiyouconggenbenshanggaibiannongmingongwaichuwugongdejibenqushi。jiezhi2009nian2yuexiaxun,fanxiangnongmingongzhongyiyou90%derenwaichuwugong,qizhong53.1%derenxuanzedaowaishengshiwugong,46.9%derenxuanzezaizhongqingshineiwugong。erfanxianghouweiwaichuwugongde35.9wanrenzhong,you11.6wanrenzhunbeizaijiawunong,7.4wanrenyicanjiajizhunbeicanjiapeixun,12.3wanrenyouzhuanyijiuyeyiyuandanshangweizhaodaogangweizaijia,4.6wanrenyougangweibingjiangluxufangang。

十一选五guojijinrongweijiyinfanongmingongdaguimofanxianghou,nongmingongdewaichuwugongxingweigengqujinshen、lixing。biaoxianwei: diyi,yijingwaichudenongmingongduiyuyongrendanweidexuanzegengweijinshen,yiqiguibiyinqiyeguanting、caiyuanzaochengdeshiqugongzuogangweidefengxian。dier,bufenshangweiwaichudenongmingongzecaiquzaijiadengdaixiaoxidefangshixunzhaozaiciwaichuwugongdejihui,yijianshaowaichuqiuzhidechengben。lingwai,haiyoushaobufenwaichudenongmingongcaiqushidikaochadebanfa,daojigebeixuandewugongdidianlejiedangdidewugongtiaojianhegongzidaiyu,ranhouquedingqiwugonggangwei。

ciwai,guojijinrongweijiqianhou,nongmingongwaichuwugongdegongzishouruyoujiaodafududexiajiang。yuanzaizhejiangyiwuzuoshukongmojudenongmingongyuegongziyou3000yuanzuoyou,erjinrongweijihouxiajiangdao1000duoyuan。yinci,nongmingongduiwugongbaochoudejiaogaoyuqiyuxianshizhongdedigongzizhijiancunzaidechaju,yechengweidaduoshuwaichunongmingongzaixuanzejiuyegangweishicaiqujinshen、lixingtaidudeyuanyinzhiyi。

zhongqingshifanxiangnongmingongyuanwugongdiquleijibili

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十一选五4.guojijinrongweijishidezhengfujiadaleduinongmingongfanxiangchuangyedefuchi,tigaolenongmingonghuixiangchuangyeyiyuan。

nongmingongfanxiangchuangyeshiyiwangnongmingonghuixiangjiuyedexingshizhiyi,xiangguanyanjiubiaoming,ciqiannongmingongfanxiangchuangyebiliyuezhanfanxiangnongmingongde3%。yiwangnongmingongfanxiangchuangyebilijiaodiyifangmiandeyuanyinzaiyudabufenwaichuwugongnongmingongqueshaozugoudeziben;lingyifangmianshitamenwaichuwugongyouxiangduijiaogaoqiegudingdeshouyi,yincifangqigudingshouyierfanxiangchuangye,jianghuishitamenmianlinyidingdefengxian。

danzheiciguojijinrongweijiyinfafanxiangchaozhihou,chanshengleyouliyunongmingongfanxiangchuangyedejijibianhua。yishizhengfuduinongmingongfanxiangchuangyededalifuchi,yetigaolenongmingongfanxiangchuangyedelianghaozhengceyuqi。lingyifangmian,waichuwugongdeshouyijiangdi,shidenongmingongduiwugongdefengxianyeyoulexinrenshi,duichuangyefengxiandeguibixinliyousuohuanjie。yinci,zaicicishouguojijinrongweijiyingxiangerfanxiangdenongmingongzhong,fanxiangchuangyeyiyuanyousuotigao。

congzhongqingshidetongjikan,suirandao2009nian1yuedifanxiangdenongmingongzhongjinyou1.6%derenxianghuixiangchuangye,danzai2008nian12yueyiqiandetongjizhong,yinhuixiangchuangyeerfanxiangdenongmingongrenshuyuezhandangqifanxiangnongmingongzongshude6%yishang。youyuqianmiantidaode2008nian12yuediyiqianfanxiangnongmingongzhongzhijieshoujinrongweijiyingxiangdebilijiaogao,yinci,congmouzhongyiyishangshuo,zhengfuzaicicijinrongweijizhongsuocaiqudeduinongmingongfanxiangchuangyededalifuchizhengce,tigaolezhijieshoujinrongweijiyingxiangdebufenwaichuwugongnongmingonghuixiangchuangyedeyiyuan。

er、guojijinrongweijixianongcunlaodongliliudongdexinwenti

1.yigongbuyinongde“xinshengdai”nongmingongwentituxian。

nongmingongquntizai30niandefazhanzhong,qiwaichuwugongbiaoxianchusangejieduanxingtezheng,jifeinongshourujieduan,feinongjiuyejieduanhefeinongzhiyejieduan。nongmingongcongyikaishideweixunqiufeinongshouruzuoweiwunongshourudebuchong,nongxianwugong、nongmangfanxiangjieduan,fazhandaoyifeinongjiuyeweizhuyaoshourulaiyuandejiatingneibuwugong、wunongdejieduan,chuxianleyigerenchangnianzaiwaiwugongdeqingkuang,ermuqianzebiaoxianchugengjiazhongshifeinongjiuyedezhiyexing,kaishixunqiuqifeinongjiuyezhiyehuafazhandetedian,chuxianleyijiatingweidanweideliudong,fuqishuangfangweiraozhezhiyehuawugonglaianpaijiatingshenghuo。

十一选五zheisangejieduanbeihouyinhandeshilaodongliyutudizibendejiehezhengzaizhuanbianweilaodongliyugongyehuozheshangyezibenderiyijinmidejiehe。tebieshi1980nianzhihouchushengde“xinshengdai”nongmingong,zaiwunongnengli、“nongmin”shenfenrentong、feinongzhiyehuaxuqiudengfangmianyushangyidainongmingongxiangbi,biaoxianchumingxianchayi: yushangyidainongmingongde“yigongyinong”xiangbi,“xinshengdai”nongmingongzeshi“yigongbuyinong”,tamenjiaoshaocanyunongyelaodong,jishifanxianghouzaijiadaizheyebuyuanyiwunong,yinweitamenjuedezaiwaiwugonglianggeyuedegongzijiuxiangdangyuzaijiazhongyiniandideshouru;yushangyidainongmingongsuojuyoudeqiangliededuizishen“nongmin”shenfenrentongbutong,yuelaiyueduode“xinshengdai”nongmingongbingburentongzijidenongminshenfen;yushangyidainongmingongdingdiandingshiwangfande“houniaoshi”liudongbutong,“xinshengdai”nongmingongxuanzezaichengshijianzhangqipiaoliu。youyutudibuzaishitamenshengcundejichu,yincitamengengjiazhongshifeinongjiuyedezhiyexing,kaishixunqiufeinongjiuyedezhiyehuafazhan。suoyi,jibianshizaiguojijinrongweijideyingxiangxia,“xinshengdai”nongmingongyebuhuiqingyifangqitamendedagongshengya。

2.muqiannongmingongfeinongjiuyequefayouxiaodezhiyeguihua。

congshehuifengongdejiaodulaikan,zhiyehuashishichanghuatiaojianxialaodonglizibenliudongdebiran。erxianshiqingkuangshi,nongmingongshourubingmeiyousuizhegongzuonianxiandezengjiaerchuxianyigejiaozhangdeshangshengzhouqi,ershichuxianlezhangqiweichizaijiaodishuiping,zaijinruyidingnianlinghoukuaisuxiajiangdexianxiang。zaochengzheizhongxianxiangdeyuanyin,shinongmingongyifangmianqueshaozugoudezhiyejineng,lingyifangmianzhengfu、qiyehenongmingongbenrendoumeiyouguihuanongmingongdezhiyeshengya。jiuzhengfulaishuo,xuduodifangyiranrenweinongmingongzhishizanshizaichengshidagong,ruogannianzhihouhuidaonongcunjixushenghuohuozheyanglao,tamenzuizhongdeguishushinongcun,zuizhongdezhiyehaishizhongdi;jiuqiyeeryan,qibenshenbingmeiyoupeixunnongmingonghebangzhutamenzuozhiyeguihuadezhineng,zhishitongguoshichanghuadejizhixuanzeduitamenyouyongdelaodongli;ernongmingongbenshendewenhuashuipingxiangduijiaodi,duizhiyederenshibingmeiyouhenqingxidesiluhexiangfa,zhiyaoyouxiangduijiaogaohewendingdeshourudegongzuo,wuluntiaojianduomeelie,laodongqiangduduomeda,douhuichengweitamendexuanze,zishendetiaojianxianzhiletamenzuoyouxiaodezhiyeguihuadenengli。

十一选五suoyi,nongmingongfeinongzhiyeshengyaquefayigewendingshangshengzhouqi,hendachengdushiqiqueshaozhiyeguihuasuozaochengde。tongshi,queshaozhiyeguihuayeshidetamenmeiyouxiangyingdegongzuojineng,duocongshidicengcidegongzuo,zaishehuifengongyuelaiyuexideshengchanguochengzhonggengrongyibeitaotai,huozhewufayouxiaoyingduizhuruguojijinrongweijizhileidewaibutiaojianbianhuadechongji。

3.nongmingongliudongpoqiexuyaojiaqiangyouxiaodezuzhihuapingtaishiyixuanwu。

十一选五muqiannongmingongliudongdezuzhihuachengdujidi,dabufennongmingongwaichushiyizhongzifadexingwei,yikaodezhuyaoshizijideshehuiheqinshuwangluo。cicidiaoyanfaxiannongmingongzaiqishenfenzhuanbianjifeinongjiuyedezhiyehuaguochengzhong,jixuyigeyouxiaopingtaibangzhutamenshixianzhuanhuanhekuayue。zheizhongpingtaitigongdebujinjinshijiuyexinxi,haiyingdangbaokuoxiangyingdezhiyejinengpeixun、zhiyeshengyaguihuahequanliweihudengdengneirong,zainongmingongjinxingwugongdezhiyehuaguochengzhong,fahuinianhejidezuoyong,jiangnongmingongzuzhiqilai,shiqinenggouyingduishichangbiandongdefengxian。

十一选五xiangduieryan,muqianzainongmingongwaichuwugongdezuzhihuapingtaishiyixuanwufangmian,yiliurudiweizhudexiangguanpingtaishiyixuanwudeshijixiaoguogenghaoyixie。cicidiaoyanzhong,shiyixuanwuzoufanglelaowushichang、minjianzhiyepeixunjigoujixinshiminpeixunjigou,faxianyixiexiguanyutongguolaowushichangqiuzhidenongmingong,qiqiuzhixinxinxiangduijiaogao,duoniandewugongjiqiuzhijingli,shiqiduigongzuogangweizhuanhuanqijiandeshiyefengxianyoulezugoudexinlizhunbeihekangfengxiannengli;minjianzhiyepeixunjigouzetongguomianfeipeixun、zuzhijiuye、genzongbaozhangdengyixiliejizhisheji,weinongmingongtigonglejiaohaodewugongshiyixuanwu;minjianxinshiminpeixunjigouzelizuyushequ,weishequneidewugongnongmingongtigongzonghesuzhixunlian,cijubujinxiyinlebufennongmingong,erqieyexiyinleyixieqiyezhu,congershixinshiminpeixunchengweizhijielianjieyongrendanweiheyoujinquxindenongmingongzhijiandehuxinqudao。

十一选五zhongqingshifanxiangnongmingonggeqibili

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san、duicejianyi

yinguojijinrongweijierzhijiedaozhidenongmingongshiyeguimosuijinzhanwaichunongmingongzongshude10%zuoyou,danqiyinfadeshehuiguanzhujishehuidongyuanguimoquexiangdangjingren,baoluchudenongmingongwaichuwugongzhongzhongxinwentiyezhideshensi。zhangqiyilaixingchengdenongmingongwaichuliudongwugongdefangshi,zaijiejueshiyixuanwuguonongcunlaodonglizhuanyifangmiandezuoyongyijiejinjixian。yanhaifadadiquchanyeshengjidexianshiyali,dazhongchengshiderenkouxinanengliyedadaoyidingxiandu,nongmingongzishenzaishehuifazhan、daijigengtideyingxiangxia,yechuxianlexindezhiyehuaxuqiu。yinci,dangshehuiyunxingguochengzhongdetufashijianchuxianshi,nongmingongquntidequxiangbianchengweishehuiguanzhudezhongdawenti,zheibiaomingmuqianyoubiyaocongnongmingongshenfenrending、zhiyefazhan、shiyixuanwupingtai、shehuibaozhangyijiliuchudixiaochengzhenshiyixuanwudengfangmianjiayiquanpankaolv。

1.wanshanzhangqiwendingdenongmingongfanxiangxinxijiance。

congguojijinrongweijiyingxiangxiadenongmingongfanxiangchaokeyiqingchudikandao,nongmingongwentiyijingyuguojiazhengtidehongguanjingjifazhanjinmidelianxizaiyiqi,shijingjixingshideqingyubiaozhiyi。erzhangqiyilai,zainongmingongliudongguanlifangmianyiduchengxianliuchudizhengfuzhiguanshusongbuguanhuiliu,liurudizhengfuzhiguanshiyongbuguanshiyixuanwudegeliezhuangtai,nongmingongfanxiangwentibingmeiyoudedaogaoduzhongshi。2008nianzaizhongyanghedifanggejizhengfujijinulixia,yijingchubuxingchengleyitaokexingdexinxijiancezhidu,zaijiancenongmingongdongxiang、fenxijingjifazhanduinongmingongliudongdeyingxiangfangmianfahuilezhongdazuoyong,tebieshinenggouweizhengfuzhunquebawonongmingongliudongzhuangkuangtigonglediyishouziliao。yinci,jinhoujixujiangnongmingongliudongxinxijiancezhangqihua、guifanhuahezhiduhua,jianlifugaimianguang、tongjizhibiaokexue、guanceshidianwendingdenongmingongliudongxinxijiancexitong。

2.jianliduozhongnongmingongwugongxinxipingtai。

youyujicengzhengfuwulizuzhidaguimodenongmingongwaichu,getihuadeliudongmoshiyushichanghuadeshengchanmoshizhijiancunzaizhebuxiediaodeyinsu,daozhilenongmingongwaichuwugongdemangmuxing,zengjialenongmingongwaichuwugongdechengben。cicidiaoyanfaxian,chulenongmingonggetiliyongshehuiwangluozifawaichuwugongdemoshiwai,laowushichang、jingjirenzhidu、jicengzhengfuzuzhidelaowushuchumoshijunkeyifahuizhongjiedezuoyong。yinci,zhengfujianliyishichangdaoxiangweijichudeduoyuanhuawugongxinxishiyixuanwupingtai,jianglaiziqiyeheshichangdejiuyexinxi,tongguozhengfudequdao,yunongmingongshixianxinxigongxiang,jikeyidadaozhengfucujinjiuye,bimiannongcunshengyulaodonglichendiandemude,haikeyiliyongshichangxinxiyindaonongmingongzhengquedezizhuzeye,youliyushixianzhengfu、mingong、qiyedeng“duoying”dejumian。

十一选五3.jianquannongmingongdeshehuibaozhangzhidu。

十一选五nongmingongzaishehuibaozhangfangmianyuchengshizhigongdechayijidaijiejue。zhangqiyilai,nongmingongyouyuliudongxingda、gongzuobuwendingdengyuanyin,shizhongbeipaichuzaichengshideshehuibaozhangtixizhiwai。shijishang,chengxiangeryuanfengezhidushinongmingongwufahuodetongdengshehuibaozhangdegenbenyuanyin。shehuihuafengongjuedinglenongmingonghenongmindebenzhiqubie,zhengfuyingrenshidaonongmingongduiwuzhiyehuadefazhanqushi,youqishimuqiannongmingongzaichanyegongrenduiwuzhong,yijingzhanjulebanbijiangshan,yinci,wanshanqiyuchengshizhigongxiangyoutongdengdeshehuibaozhangtizhi,shiyouzhuyuwendingnongmingongduiwu,tuidongshehuihexiedezhongyaojucuo。tongshi,jiadahujiguanlizhidudegaigelidu,jiangnongcuntudiliuzhuanyuhujizhidu、shehuibaozhangzhiduduijie,cainengcongzhenzhengyiyishangbangzhunongmingongwanchengcongnongmindaogongrendezhiyezhuanbian。

4.fazhanyouxiaodenongmingongpeixun、shuchumoshi。

muqian,gedizhengfujunbafanxiangnongmingongdepeixunzuoweizhongyaojucuo,touruledaliangcaili,yequdelejiaohaodexiaoguo。dangengyinggairenshidao,zhenzhengshixiannongmingongdefeinongzhiyehuabingfeiduanqixing、yicixingpeixunsuonengshixian。yinci,bixujiaqiangduixianyounongmingongquntidezhiyepeixun。yixiezhiyepeixunjigoucongshijichufa,tansuoleyitao“mianfeichizhu、mianfeipeixun”,“zuzhijiuye、youchangshuchu”,“zhangqigenzong、jiandubaozhang”,“chujiwugongkechengmianfei,gaojichuangyekechengzifei”deyouxiaopeixunmoshi。yixiengozuzhihaibaduinongmingongdepeixunyanshenzhizonghesuzhipeixun,tamenyicujinnongmingongrongruchengshiweimubiao,kaizhanleyirenwen、lizhi、zhiyeshengyaguihua、chuantongwenhuadengweineirongdexinshiminpeixun,zaipeixunnongmingongzonghesuzhidetongshi,yejizhongqileyipiyouzhishiyixuanwuyunongmingongdezhiyuanzhe。

5.jiakuaizhongxibudiquxiaochengzhenshiyixuanwu。

zhangqiyilai,youyushiyixuanwuguochengzhenhuazhihouyugongyehuafazhan,zaochenglemuqiannongmingongliudongwugongdexianzhuang。suizhedazhongchengshirenkoudejijuzengjia,shiqixinaxinzengrenkoudenengliyijinjixian,nongcunlaodongliyidichengzhenhuadenandubuduanshangsheng,zheiyechengweinongmingongwaichuwugonghoubudebufanxiangdezhongyaoyuanyin。gaigekaifangyilaishiyixuanwuguoxiaochengzhenshuliangfazhanjiweixunsu,1978nianshiyixuanwuguojianzhizhenshuliangyuewei2173zuo,dao2004nianyidadao19883zuo。danjiuxiaochengzhenzhenquderenkoushuliangkan,zechengxianchumuqianzairenkouxinafangmianxiaolvjiaodidezhuangkuang。2004nianshiyixuanwuguoxiaochengzhengongxinarenkou20135wanren,meizuoxiaochengzhenpingjunyuewei1wanrenzuoyou。ermuqianzhenqurenkouchaoguo3wanrendejianzhizhenbudao1000zuo。yanjiubiaoming,shiyixuanwuguoxiaochengzhenzhenqurenkouzhishaoyaodadao3wanyishangcainengzhengchangfahuiqijijugongneng,ershiyixuanwuguodabufenjianzhizhenguimopubianpianxiao。yinci,dangnongmingongfanxiangchengweiyizhongwufahuibidexianshiwentishi,jiakuaidangdixiaochengzhenshiyixuanwu,fahuiqijijugongneng,huoxushijinhouzhideshenruyanjiudewenti。

ketizuchengyuanjibenwenzhibiren: zhongguoshehuikexueyuanshehuixuesuofanlei、tianfeng;zhongqingshehuikexueyuanyingyongxinlixueyanjiuzhongxinfuzhurenzhuyi。

bencidiaoyandedaozhongqingshinongmingongbanchenxinming,qianjiangquzhongtangxiangdangweishujilichenggang,zhangshouquhonghuzhenfenghuangcundangzhibushujisuyong、zhurenzhangshuiqing、huijiwuhongqingyijiyuanzhishuzhangrenhe,qianjiangquzhongtangxiangyingxincundaxueshengcunguanweiqinhai,qijiangxianguofuzhengusongcundaxueshengcunguanwangtianwu,zhongqinghechurenwenhuachuanboshexieqingchun、fanhaijun、caitingtingdedalixiezhu,tecibiaoshiganxie。




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